Pickens, Andrew

Pickens, Andrew,

1739–1817, American Revolutionary soldier, b. near Paxtang, Pa. He moved (1752) to South Carolina and took part (1761) in frontier warfare against the CherokeeCherokee
, largest Native American group in the United States. Formerly the largest and most important tribe in the Southeast, they occupied mountain areas of North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee.
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. During the American RevolutionAmerican Revolution,
1775–83, struggle by which the Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic seaboard of North America won independence from Great Britain and became the United States. It is also called the American War of Independence.
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, Pickens rose in rank from captain of militia to brigadier general. He took part in the victories at Kettle Creek (1779) and at Cowpens, Augusta, and Eutaw Springs (all in 1781). Prominent in local politics, he served (1781–93, 1800–1812) in the state legislature, was (1793–95) a U.S. Congressman, and frequently served as commissioner for Native American relations in the South.


See A. N. Waring, The Fighting Elder: Andrew Pickens (1962).

Pickens, Andrew

(1739–1817) soldier; born near Paxtang, Pa. The son of Irish immigrants, he settled in South Carolina in 1763. In the American Revolution, he helped defeat the Loyalist forces at Kettle Creek, Ga., contributed to the decisive victory at Cowpens, S.C. (1781), and commanded the forces that captured Augusta, Ga.
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