Mir Iskusstva

(redirected from Pickwickians)
Also found in: Dictionary.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mir Iskusstva


(World of Art), an illustrated literary and art journal and the organ of the World of Art group and symbolist writers. It was published in St. Petersburg from 1898–99 to 1904; until 1901 it appeared twice a month and from 1901 monthly. The original publishers were Princess M. K. Tenisheva and S. I. Mamontov; in 1900 S. P. Diaghilev, the editor in chief, became the publisher. A. N. Benois was coeditor in 1903, beginning with Number 10.

The journal propounded individualism in art and a gradual acceptance of the international art nouveau style and sought to popularize Russian art of the 18th and early 19th centuries. At the outset the journal devoted much attention to applied art, propagating folk art and handicrafts. The articles by Benois, I. E. Grabar’, Diaghilev, and W. Kandinsky, extracts from the works of R. Muther and J. Meier-Gräfe, reviews of foreign publications, reprints of works displayed at art exhibitions, and reproductions of contemporary Russian and Western European paintings and works of graphic art acquainted readers with contemporary Russian and foreign art. The literary sections, headed by D. V. Filosofov, included religious-philosophical works by D. S. Merezhkovskii, Z. N. Hippius, N. M. Minskii, L. Shestov, and V. V. Rozanov and critical articles by V. la. Briusov and Andrei Belyi, defining to a large extent the aesthetic and literary program of Russian symbolism.

The religious-mystical aspirations and national-messianic hopes of the philosophers and writers were ideologically opposed to the views of those whose concern was art—to their “westernism” and their interest in the Petersburg period of Russian history. After open polemics the Merezhkovskii-Filosofov group left Mir Iskusstva to found their own journal, Novyiput’ (New Path), which appeared in 1903–04.

The journal’s design, created by K. A. Somov, L. S. Bakst, and E. E. Lansere, and the high quality of its reproductions helped raise the general level of artistic taste, one of the group’s main goals. The Chronicle of Events of the Journal “Mir Iskusstva” appeared as a separate publication in 1903.


See (art association). T. I. VOLODINA
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once the Pickwickians went out to bat, the wickets began to tumble.
from the Pickwickians (men who are all too happy to take on his name)
Pickwickians, Pickwick sets out to meet his fellow club-member
the Pickwickians in the course of the novel, it becomes apparent that
euphemistically claiming it was uttered in a Pickwickian sense (and
restraint' (Karen Chase, 'Personality in a Pickwickian
Many of the comic highlights in the work spring from the imperturbable presence of mind and ready wit of Sam Weller, whose cleverness and humor are indispensable to the Pickwickians.
Wardle, the owner of Manor Farm, Dingley Dell, the robust, genial, but sometimes hot-tempered host of the four Pickwickians. A patriarch, he rescues his sister from Mr.
Captain Boldwig, a peppery-tempered landowner on whose grounds the Pickwickians accidentally trespass while hunting.
To extend his own researches into the quaint and curious phenomena of life, he suggested that he and three other Pickwickians should make journeys to places remote from London and report on their findings to the stay-at-home members of the club.
The next day, the four Pickwickians departed for the farm, which was a distance of about ten miles from the inn where they were staying.