Pierre Charles Villeneuve

Villeneuve, Pierre Charles

 

Born Dec. 31, 1763 in Valensole; died Apr. 22, 1806, in Rennes. French vice admiral (1804).

Villeneuve joined the fleet in 1778. He took part in Bonaparte’s Egyptian expedition, commanded the rear guard at Abukir (1798), and defended Malta. From 1804 he commanded the squadron which acted jointly with the Spanish fleet. After several successes in battle with the English fleet in the Atlantic, he returned to Spain, where his indecisive acts aroused the dissatisfaction of Napoleon. Villeneuve then set out with a French and Spanish squadron to meet the English fleet, was routed by H. Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), and was taken prisoner. Upon his return to France, he committed suicide.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pierre Charles Villeneuve escaped from Toulon (March 30, 1805); believing that Villeneuve had headed for the West Indies, Nelson sailed there and back, trying to find the Franco-Spanish fleet (April-August); he discovered Villeneuve's fleet in Cadiz; when Villeneuve sortied (October 18) to enter the Mediterranean and assist operations in Italy, Nelson was waiting and engaged him off Cape Trafalgar (October 21, 1805); Nelson in H.