Pierre De Ronsard


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Ronsard, Pierre De

 

Born Sept. 11, 1524, in the Château de la Poissonnière, in Vendôme; died Dec. 27, 1585, in the abbey of Saint Cosme-sur-Loire, Touraine. French poet. Leader of the Pléiade.

In his Odes (1550–52), in which he imitated Pindar and Horace, Ronsard spoke of the lofty role of literature and propounded a theory of poetic inspiration. The odes combined patriotism and glorification of the joys of existence, nature, and love. The collection of sonnets and songs Poems of Love (1552–53) was influenced by Petrarchianism. In the cycles of sonnets (1555–56) dedicated to the peasant girl Marie Dupin, Ronsard described lyric feelings simply and naturally.

Ronsard’s philosophic interests were reflected in Hymns (1555, 1556), in which the poet reflected on life and death, the vagaries of fate, and moral duty. Religious motifs were developed in the political poems Discourses on the Troubles of the Times (1560–62). Ronsard summarized his theoretical views in Summary of the Art of Poetry (1565). In the cycle Sonnets for Helen (1578) he strove to attain classical clarity and balance, but the sonnets remained somewhat mannered.

Ronsard’s work encompassed almost all the lyric and epic genres of his time, from the heroic epic (La Franciade, 1572) to the intimate lyric. He influenced the entire development of French poetry of the second half of the 16th century and poets of other countries as well.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1–18. Paris, 1914–67 (in course of publication).
Oeuvres complètes [vols. 1–2. Paris, 1958].
In Russian translation:
Ronsar. Translated by S. V. Shervinskii. Moscow, 1926.
Lirika. Translated by V. Levik. Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
Champion, P. Ronsard et son temps. Paris, 1925.
Laumonier, P. Ronsard poète lyrique, 3rd ed. Paris, 1932.
Desonay, F. Ronsard, poète de l’amour, books 1–3, Brussels, 1952–59.
Terreaux, L. Ronsard. Geneva, 1968.
Dassonville, M. Ronsard, vols. 1–2. Geneva, 1968–70.
Spaziani, M. L. Ronsardfra gli astri delle Pléiade. Turin, 1972.
Ronsard the Poet. London [1973].

A. D. MIKHAILOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Press, 1942), 163-75; Terence Cave, "Ronsard's Mythological Universe," Ronsard the Poet, 170-71; and Malcolm Quainton, Ronsard's Ordered Chaos: Visions of Flux and Stability in the Poetry of Pierre de Ronsard (Manchester U.
Petrarch's influence on the sixteenth-century poet Pierre de Ronsard is well documented; since Olivier de Magny first titled him "le Petrarque Vandomois" in 1554, Ronsard has often been called the "French Petrarch" (Sturm-Maddox 1).
Pierre de Ronsard, a leading French Renaissance poet and one of the founders of the classical-influenced La Pleiade group, is sometimes considered an early forerunner of today's environmental movement.
a poem by Pierre de Ronsard, featured three white and brown horses
Los siguientes lustros laboro como disenador grafico e ilustro obras de Charles Baudelaire, Henri de Montherlant y Pierre de Ronsard, sin abandonar el estilo fauvista de su juventud.
And I believe that every art-school student in the country should be presented with "The Vicissitudes of the Avant-Garde," an essay that begins with the poet Pierre de Ronsard, to whom the term was first applied, and traces the subsequent structure and fate of the phenomenon with a brutally honest hand; he compares Le Corbusier's program of civic self-betterment to that of a Rotarian, for example; and he points out the existence of a "conservative avant-garde" (among whose members he includes Pound and Eliot, Lawrence, and Celine) with an unhappy tendency to fall into racism and fascism.
Revived in the 16th century by the poets of La Pleiade, especially Pierre de Ronsard, the alexandrine became, in the following century, the preeminent French verse form for dramatic and narrative poetry and reached its highest development in the classical tragedies of Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine.
ations et joyeaux rhetorics of peace: Pierre de Ronsard and Michel de L'Hospital on the eve of the French wars of religion, reconversion tales: how to make sense of lapses in faith, Montaigne's response to the Alcibiades question, and making the stones speak: the curious observations of Gabriele Simeoni.
The exhibition, to run from March 25 to April 22, will include prints from one of Matisse's most complicated and successful printmaking projects, Florilege des Amours Ronsard, illustrating the love poems of 16th century French Renaissance poet Pierre de Ronsard.
This fine volume, by one of the world's leading authorities on the poetry of, and scholarship about, Pierre de Ronsard (1524-1585), is the second volume of a two-part study on "les editions anciennes [de ce poete]" (9).
Performance, poetry and politics on the queen's day; Catherine de Medicis and Pierre de Ronsard at Fontainebleau.