Pierre Martin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Martin, Pierre

 

Born Aug. 18, 1824, in Bourges, department of Cher; died May 25 (?), 1915, in Fourchambaut, department of Nievre. French metallurgist.

Upon completing mining school, Martin worked at his father’s metallurgical plant in Fourchambaut, and from 1854 to 1883 he was director of a metallurgical plant in Sireuil, near Angouleme. In 1864, Martin proposed a new method for obtaining ingot steel in regenerative open-hearth furnaces. Using the principle of regenerating the heat of the products of combustion, which had been recently developed by the German engineer F. Siemens, Martin provided for preheating of not only the air but the gas as well. As a result, temperatures sufficient for steel smelting were obtained. The Siemens-Martin process came to be widely used in metallurgy in the last quarter of the 19th century.

REFERENCE

Varnachev, V. “Pamiati P’era Martena.” Ural’skii tekhnik, 1924, no. 1.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
With offices in Dubai, London, Toronto, and Cape Town, U+A was set up in 2006 by chartered architects Pedram Rad and his business partner Pierre Martin Dufresne.
The firm has five partners, namely, Esther Weigand, Pierre Martin Reyes, Ronald Cubero, Jared Vicencio, and Manuel Deldio, each with their own unique backgrounds and skills.
Her bedroom features several paintings by artists such as Zeinab Abdel Aziz, Youssef Kamel and Pierre Martin. The Ramatan honors the life not only of one of Egypt's finest writers but an activist and educator who worked hard to improve the lives of those in the country, leaving a positive contribution both to the lives and libraries of Egypt.
"Before the ( new ) bridge there was no business," says Pierre Martin, the owner of the inn.
Banks are getting increasingly reluctant to take risks," said Saxo Bank trader Pierre Martin.
Pierre Martin, the mediator, said the workers will have two options, a plan allowing them to receive job training in other fields and receive $35,000 in severance, or opt out of the plan and receive $42,000.
Pierre Martin Christian Clavier Rose Martin Josiane Balasko Father Carnus Gerard Jugnot Octave Jean-Baptiste Maunier Purple Fred Epaud With: Igor Skreblin, Sylvie Joly, Anne Girouard, Francois-Xavier Demaison, Urbain Cancelier, Laurent Gamelon, Olivier Saladin, Juliette Lamboley, Jan Rouiller.
by CHRISTINE DE BUZON and PIERRE MARTIN. Preface by MICHEL SIMONIN.
Another possibility was Pierre Martin Ngo Dinh Thuc, former Archbishop of Hue in South Vietnam and brother of the assassinated leader Ngo Dinh Diem.
Our niece, Starr Weigand and her friend Pierre Martin Reyes also distributed gifts and tokens and we all had a happy lunch.
Founded 12 years ago in Dubai by chartered architects Pedram Rad and Pierre Martin Dufresne, U+A prides itself on delivering the highest quality design through its expert in-house teams that deliver on time and within budget.