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Born Apr. 4, 1875, in Paris; died July 1, 1964, in Hancock, Me. French conductor.
Monteux studied violin at the Paris Conservatory and was a violist and violinist in the Opera Comique and Societe des Concerts Colonne orchestras. He began his career as a conductor in his youth and became well known as the conductor for S. P. Diaghilev’s “Russian seasons “troupe. He took part in performances of Stravinsky’s Petrushka (1911), The Rite of Spring (1913), and The Nightingale (1914); Ravel’s Daphnis and Chloe (1912); and Debussy’s Jeux (1913). In 1914 he organized the Concerts Monteux, which became popular. In subsequent years he was the conductor of a number of major American and European orchestras, including the Boston Symphony (1919–24), the Concertgebouw Orchestra (with W. Mengelberg, 1924–34), the Paris Symphony Orchestra (1928–37), the San Francisco Symphony (1935–52), and the London Symphony (from 1961). He made many concert tours, including three to the USSR (1926, 1931, and 1956).
A highly trained and educated musician, Monteux possessed a faultless sense of style and a masterly technique. The master of a vast repertoire, he showed a preference for complex new works, many of which, including Prokofiev’s Third Symphony, were first performed under his direction.
E. IA. RATSER