Pierre Paul Broca

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Broca, Pierre Paul

 

Born June 28, 1824, in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande; died July 9, 1880, in Paris. French anatomist and anthropologist.

Broca was one of the founders of modern anthropology and an initiator of the Society of Anthropology in Paris (1859). His principal works are on the comparative anatomy of primates, problems of general anthropology, and the racial types of the contemporary and ancient populations of France. He developed the first manual in the world on anthropometry and craniometry (1865). He established scales for the definition of eye, hair, and skin coloring, and invented several anthropometrical instruments.

WORKS

“Obshchie instruktsii dlia antropologieheskikh issledovanii i nabliudenii.” In the collection Izvestiia lmperatorskogo obshchestva liubitelei estestvoznaniia, antropologii i etnografii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1865. (Translated from French.)
Instructions craniologiques et craniométriques de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris rédigées. Paris, 1875.

T. D. GLADKOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
TEHRAN (FNA)- The brain's speech area, named after 19th century French physician Pierre Paul Broca, shuts down when we talk out loud, according to a new study that challenges the long-held assumption that 'Broca's area' governs all aspects of speech production.
In the 1860s, French physician Pierre Paul Broca pinpointed this prefrontal brain region as the seat of speech.
Other famous cases, such as the patient of 19th century French physician Pierre Paul Broca who was unable to speak any word other than "tan," and the 20th century patient known by the initials H.M., who lost his memory after a surgery, also provided rare glimpses into the geography of brain function.
In 1861, the French eminent surgeonan-atomist Pierre Paul Broca (1824-1880) examined a patient, named Leborgne, at the Bicetre Hospital.
Named after French physician, Pierre Paul Broca, who identified the region in two brain-damaged patients incapable of uttering more than a few words, Broca's area usually occupies a much larger portion of the left half of the human brain than the right.
Young Pierre Paul Broca, just seventeen and already entering medical school, creates something of a stir.
The 19th century French surgeon Pierre Paul Broca left an indelible mark in medicine with his observations on aphasia, language dominance, and cerebral localization.
In 1865, French physician Pierre Paul Broca first proposed that the vast majority of right-handed people "speak' with their left hemispheres.