3050 Martin-Granel, N., "Abracadabrazza" ou le roman du Memorial Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza
. Cahiers d'outre-mer 2010 63 249 293-307
Congo was settled by Bantu tribes who established one of the great kingdoms in Central Africa and became part of the French colonial system after explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza
arrived in the 1880s.
French explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza boasted in the 1880s how European rationality had prevailed over the supposed superstitions of Gabonese people by denying the power of water spirits to block travel, as he forced various Gabonese riverine groups like the Adouma to accept French rule.
(3) French explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza forced Adouma clan leaders to surrender to French rule between 1876 and 1880, and then relied on canoe workers during his later expeditions from 1881 to 1886.
Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza chroniclers briefly mentioned Lenz's visit to the Ogooue, but only to note a rare moment in the decade of the Franco-Prussian debacle: energetic Frenchmen besting a struggling, ill German in a competition with imperial implications.
French travelers such as Alfred Marche, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, and others discussed the same communities and often the same individuals whom Lenz encountered.
Edward Berenson's essay examines Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza
, a nineteenth-century explorer of Italian lineage who peacefully claimed territories in Central Africa for France.
Among them were Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza
, Joseph Simon Gallieni, Cecil Rhodes, George Goldie, Frederick Lugard, and Herbert Kitchner.
French ambitions on the Upper Congo were stirred by the young Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza
who first entered the Congo region in 1877 from Gabon.