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Born May 25, 1865, in Zonnemaire; died Oct. 9, 1943, in Amsterdam. Dutch physicist. He taught at the University of Leiden after his graduation (1890). In 1897 he went to the University of Amsterdam, and in 1900 he became a professor there. In 1896 he discovered the splitting of spectral lines by a magnetic field (the Zeeman effect). Zeeman also did work on optics and the spectroscopy of metals. He received the Nobel Prize in 1902.
WORKS“Influence of Magnetism on the Nature of the Light Emitted by a Substance.” Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, 1897, vol. 43.
Magneto-optische Verschijnselen. Leiden, 1921.
In Russian translation:
Proiskhozhdenie tsvetov spektra. Odessa .