Pieter Zeeman


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Zeeman, Pieter

(pē`tər zā`män), 1865–1943, Dutch physicist. He was professor of physics at the Univ. of Amsterdam from 1900 and director of the Physical Institute, Amsterdam, from 1908. In 1896 he discovered the Zeeman effectZeeman effect,
splitting of a single spectral line (see spectrum) into a group of closely spaced lines when the substance producing the single line is subjected to a uniform magnetic field. The effect was discovered in 1896 by the Dutch physicist Pieter Zeeman.
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. He shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with H. A. Lorentz. His works include Researches in Magneto-Optics (1913).

Zeeman, Pieter

 

Born May 25, 1865, in Zonnemaire; died Oct. 9, 1943, in Amsterdam. Dutch physicist. He taught at the University of Leiden after his graduation (1890). In 1897 he went to the University of Amsterdam, and in 1900 he became a professor there. In 1896 he discovered the splitting of spectral lines by a magnetic field (the Zeeman effect). Zeeman also did work on optics and the spectroscopy of metals. He received the Nobel Prize in 1902.

WORKS

“Influence of Magnetism on the Nature of the Light Emitted by a Substance.” Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, 1897, vol. 43.
Magneto-optische Verschijnselen. Leiden, 1921.
In Russian translation:
Proiskhozhdenie tsvetov spektra. Odessa [1910].