Pieter Zeeman

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Zeeman, Pieter

Zeeman, Pieter (pēˈtər zāˈmän), 1865–1943, Dutch physicist. He was professor of physics at the Univ. of Amsterdam from 1900 and director of the Physical Institute, Amsterdam, from 1908. In 1896 he discovered the Zeeman effect. He shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with H. A. Lorentz. His works include Researches in Magneto-Optics (1913).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zeeman, Pieter


Born May 25, 1865, in Zonnemaire; died Oct. 9, 1943, in Amsterdam. Dutch physicist. He taught at the University of Leiden after his graduation (1890). In 1897 he went to the University of Amsterdam, and in 1900 he became a professor there. In 1896 he discovered the splitting of spectral lines by a magnetic field (the Zeeman effect). Zeeman also did work on optics and the spectroscopy of metals. He received the Nobel Prize in 1902.


“Influence of Magnetism on the Nature of the Light Emitted by a Substance.” Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, 1897, vol. 43.
Magneto-optische Verschijnselen. Leiden, 1921.
In Russian translation:
Proiskhozhdenie tsvetov spektra. Odessa [1910].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.