Pietermaritzburg

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Pietermaritzburg

(pē'tərmăr`ĭtsbûrg'), city, part and seat of Msunduzi local municipality and capital of KwaZulu-NatalKwaZulu-Natal
, province (2011 pop. 10,267,300), 36,433 sq mi (94,361 sq km), E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Formerly Natal province, in the post-apartheid constitution of 1994 it was renamed KwaZulu-Natal.
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 prov., E South Africa, in the foothills of the Drakensberg Range. The city is an administrative and industrial center. Its products include wattle bark extract, furniture, footwear, chocolate, and cloth. Motor vehicles are assembled in the city, and iron ore is mined nearby.

Pietermaritzburg was founded in 1838 and named for Piet Retief and Gert Maritz, Boer (Afrikaner) leaders of the Great Trek (see Trek, GreatTrek, Great
, the journey by Afrikaner farmers (Boers) who left the Cape Colony to escape British domination and eventually founded Natal, Transvaal, and the Orange Free State. Trek is an Afrikaans term, originally meaning a journey by ox wagon.
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). The Boers made it capital of the short-lived (1839–43) Voortrekker Republic of Natal. The city became capital of Natal when the province was annexed by Great Britain in 1843. In 1880 a railroad to Durban was opened. From 1994 to 2004 the city was the co-capital of KwaZulu-Natal with UlundiUlundi
[Zulu,=the high place], town, part and seat of Ulundi local municipality (2011 pop. 187,271), KwaZulu-Natal prov., SE South Africa. Situated on a hill overlooking the White Mfolozi River, the town possesses a modern administrative complex that is among the largest in the
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.

Pietermaritzburg is the seat of the Univ. of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg (1909), campuses of the Durban Univ. of Technology, KwaZulu-Natal Museum, and Tatham Art Gallery. Points of interest include the Church of the Vow (1839), built to commemorate the 1838 Boer victory over Zulu forces; Fort Napier, erected by the British in 1843; and the Provincial Council Buildings. Natal Lion Park is nearby. The city's name is sometimes shortened to Maritzburg.

Pietermaritzburg

 

a city in the eastern Republic of South Africa; capital of Natal Province. Population, 158,900 (1970 census; 68,000 Bantu, 45,500 Europeans, and 36,400 Asians). Pietermaritzburg is linked by railroad with the port of Durban. Its enterprises produce rolled aluminum, motor vehicles, cranes, cables, tanning extract, footwear, textiles and foodstuffs. The city has a technical college and a national museum.

Pietermaritzburg

a city in E South Africa, the capital of KwaZulu/Natal: founded in 1839 by the Boers: gateway to Natal's mountain resorts. Pop.: 223 519 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
The aim of the study was to determine HIV seropositivity among adult patients with FEP admitted to Town Hill Hospital in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.
Three other centers have already been completed: in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal province, in Klerksdorp, North West province and in Kimberley, Northern Cape province.