Pietro Aretino


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Aretino, Pietro

 

Born Apr. 19, 1492, in Arezzo; died Oct. 21, 1556, in Venice. Italian writer and publicist.

Aretino wrote prose comedies about everyday life, including The Blacksmith (1533), Life at Court (1534), La Talanta (1542), The Hypocrite (1542), and The Philosopher (1546). In these comedies he portrayed a gallery of types representing various strata of feudal Roman Catholic society. He criticized the basic principles of this society from a freethinker’s point of view, which was characteristic of the Renaissance. Aretino’s European fame was created by his five Dialogues, three of which were published under the title Discourses (published in 1534, 1536, and 1539). Two of the Discourses attacked the vices of women, whereas the third cynically depicted the morals at court. Aretino’s verse and prose pamphlets (in the form of “predictions”) were directed against rulers and political figures. Because of his burning satires he became famous as the “scourge of princes” and the father of modern journalism. His correspondence (approximately 3,300 letters) is of special interest, since it provides a picture of Italian social and cultural life during the first half of the 16th century (primarily from 1525 to 1556). In 1558 Aretino’s works were included by the Vatican in its Index of Prohibited Books.

WORKS

Opere complete, a cura di F. Flora. [Milan,] 1960.
Lettere scelta, a cura di S. Ortolani. Turin, 1945.
In Russian translation:
In Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha vozro-zhdeniia, vol. 1. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Dzhivelegov, A. K. Ocherki ital’ianskogo Vozrozhdeniia. Moscow, 1929.
DeSanktis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1964.
Cleugh, J. The Divine Aretino, Pietro of Arezzo, 1492–1556: A Biography. [London, 1965.] (Contains a bibliography.)

N. B. TOMASHEVSKH

References in periodicals archive ?
In Venice, for example, the influential Pietro Aretino advised Tintoretto in 1548 that his name would be blessed 'if you temper your rush toward completion with taking pains to do so'.
Drawing on critical studies of early modern masculinity, Quaintance examines how the textual trafficking of women's bodies, particularly within the circle of writers affiliated with Venetian patrician and poet Domenico Venier (whose entourage included eminent literary figures, including Torquato Tasso and Pietro Aretino), both upheld and resisted gender norms in sixteenth-century Venice, during a period when the boundaries separating puttane, meretrici, and cortigiane remained unclear.
Chantal Schutz concludes in Chapter 6 that Middleton's A Mad World, my Masters draws on older tropes of the Mother and the Courtesan, from Pietro Aretino's Ragionamenti (1534) among others, to challenge 'the patriarchal social code' (p.
In the first two chapters of the monograph, Giusti examines the meanings and uses of the term courtesan in legal, archival, and personal documents, including travel diaries and epistolary exchanges, as well as in literary representations in the writings of Baldassare Castiglione, Pietro Aretino, and Matteo Bandello, and further exposes how the ambiguity of the term has persisted in recent scholarly interpretations of these documents.
Pietro Aretino, a young man of humble birth, limited formal education, quick wit and boundless ambition, arrived in Rome in 1517.
"Let us love winter, for it is the spring of genius." -- Pietro Aretino
The Romanian philosopher, Constantin Antoniade, evoking famous figures of the Cinquecento, that fell in the creation and tensions brought by the transition from the classical era to modernity, the Renaissance humanism, stopped at Pietro Aretino from Venice (1492-1556), presented as first journalist of "modern times and, also the first journalist to blackmail." Aretino specialized, himself, in discovering worldly sins of the powerful nobles from the Italian city-states.
Here, the focus is on the Zoppino dialogue attributed to Pietro Aretino, who also created sonnets to accompany the sexually explicit engravings of Marcantonio Raimondi's 15241 Modi ("postures" or "positions"), Pierre de Bourdeille's Les Vies des Dames Gallantes, Thomas Nashe's "The Choise of Valentines" and "scandalous case details recorded in legal prosecutions" (69).
From his evolving business sense and his long friendship with Pietro Aretino, a writer and failed painter, to his penchant for capturing the female form, this is a fine pick for any arts or world history holding.
Por meio do dialogo entre dois interlocutores--o escritor e poeta Pietro Aretino (1492-1556) e o gramatico florentino Giovan Francesco Fabrini (15161580) --Dolce construiu uma critica indireta a obra do historiador florentino Giorgio Vasari, Le vite de'piU eccellenti architetti, pittori, et scultori italiani, da Cimabue, insino a'tempi nostri, publicada em 1550 (VASARI 1986; 2010).
Marlene Eberhart focuses on the sensuous spaces of Pietro Aretino's city plays in ways that illuminate Aretino's comic art and that also suggest the degree to which what we are calling the theatrical reformation of space was an international rather than exclusively an English phenomenon.