Pietro Bembo


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bembo, Pietro

 

Born May 20, 1470, in Venice; died Jan. 18, 1547, in Rome. Italian writer, historian, and theoretician concerned with questions of literary language and style. Born into a patrician family. Became a cardinal in 1539.

In his works Bembo drew from the tradition of Cicero (in works written in Latin), G. Boccaccio, and especially F. Petrarch (in works written in Italian). Bembo’s lyric poetry showed little originality. As a prose writer, he became famous for his treatises in dialogue about platonic love, Conversations of Asolani (1505). The aristocratic humanism of Bembo received the name Bembism. The most valuable of his works is Prose in the Vernacular (1525), devoted to style, meter, and the bases of normative grammar of the Italian language. Bembo was an advocate of a national literary language (based on the Florentine dialect). He wrote (in Latin) a history of Venice from 1487 to 1513 in 12 volumes (published 1551) and translated it into Italian.

WORKS

Opere, vols. 1–12. Milan, 1808–10.
In Russian translation:
Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha Vozrozhdeniia, vol. 1. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

De Sanctis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1963.
Hilborn, H. The Life of P. Bembo. New York, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(23) However, on the 6th of August 1513 Pietro Bembo, the secretary of pope Leo X, had written a letter to Musurus, in which he asked him to assist in the planning of such an academy under supervision of Janus Lascaris.
Con la pubblicazione, nel 1530, della prima edizione delle Rime di Pietro Bembo si data convenzionalmente l'avvio "ufficiale" del petrarchismo cinquecentesco, dopo che, negli anni precedenti, si erano effettuati vari tentativi (tra cui quello delle Rime di Trissino del 1529) di orientare le forme della poesia lirica verso percorsi diversi da quelli perentoriamente designati dallo stesso poeta veneziano nelle Prose della volgar lingua.
Susan Naletzyty considers the mobility of domestic objects by discussing Pietro Bembo's display of personal objects from his home in Padua in a borrowed house in Rome, as well as the display of objects in his own home and garden that housed guests in his absence.
O Cardeal Pietro Bembo (1470-1547), eminente personagem da primeira metade do seculo XVI, gracas a sua imensa erudicao e por estar no centro do debate sobre as discussoes filologicas no processo de regulamentacao do idioma italiano, nas Prose della volgarlingua (1525), nao apenas enaltece Rafael como tambem equipara-o a Michelangelo, salientando a excelencia de ambos enquanto mestres da pintura e da arquitetura.
He also had success over hurdles with the likes of Pietro Bembo winning some useful handicaps in 2000-2001 and Romero landing two hurdles at Ascot when trained by Akehurst in 1999-2000.
Around 1464 to 1466 he employed a new abbreviation for quam, and later in life, c.1506, he began to adopt a new system of punctuation (our modern system with commas, semi-colons, apostrophes and full-stops), that Aldus had begun to use in his edition of Pietro Bembo's DeMtna (1495/6).
The appendix of derivative lines is quite interesting, as Maclachlan has found specific instances when Matraini has clearly "borrowed" from the poetry of Francesco Petrarca and Pietro Bembo. Through computerized searching, she was able to isolate poetic imitatio as it pertains to the poems included in this volume.
Ciceronian Controversies contains the literary exchanges between Angelo Poliziano and Paolo Cortesi (mid-1480s), Gianfrancesco Pico and Pietro Bembo (1512-13), Giambattista Giraldi Cinzio and Celio Calcagnini (1532-37), and selections from the treatises of Antonio Possevino (1593-1603).