Pietro Mascagni


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Mascagni, Pietro

(pyā`trō mäskä`nyē), 1863–1945, Italian operatic composer. He is known for his opera Cavalleria rusticana (1890), based on the tale by Giovanni VergaVerga, Giovanni
, 1840–1922, Italian novelist, b. Sicily. He abandoned the study of law for literature and wrote several novels of passion in the style of the French realists. His later works, written in a different style, are marked by simplicity and strict accuracy.
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; it is a classic example of the style of realism known as verismo. His other operas were less successful.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mascagni, Pietro

 

Born Dec. 7, 1863, in Leghorn; died Aug. 2, 1945, in Rome. Italian composer.

Mascagni studied at the Milan Conservatory under A. Ponchielli and M. Saladino. In 1885 he began conducting at opera and operetta theaters. From 1895 to 1902 he was the director of the Pesaro Conservatory. Mascagni gained worldwide fame with his opera Cavalleria Rusticana (Rustic Chivalry, 1890, Costanzi Theater, Rome), which was based on a play by G. Verga. This work and Leoncavallo’s opera Pagliacci initiated a new direction in opera—the Italian school of verismo, or realism. Mascagni wrote the operas Iris (1898, Rome), Parisina (1913, Milan), and II piccolo Marat (1921, Rome). He also composed operettas, orchestral works, and music for films.

REFERENCES

Pompei, E. P. Mascagni nella vita e nell’arte. Rome, 1912.
Cellamare, D. Mascagni … Rome, 1941.
Anselmi, A. Pietro Mascagni. Milan, 1959.

T. G. KELDYSH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
vvGooglinga runner Zanetto 4.20 Goodwood An opera in one act by Pietro Mascagni. It received its first performance in March 1896 at the Liceo Musicale Rossini in Pesaro.
The orchestral highlight was their rendition of Cavalleria Rusticana by Pietro Mascagni, a piece used in the films Raging Bull and The Godfather Part III.
The Campus Orchestra, directed by Jonathan Glawe, will perform the Intermezzo from "Cavalleria Rusticana" by Pietro Mascagni; "Irish Suite for Strings" by Arthur Duff; "Acht Stucke" by Paul Hindemith; and one movement from "Sinfonia IX" by Felix Mendelssohn.
Dwi eisoes wedi dweud, ar goedd, mai fy hoff ddarn clasurol ydi'r 'Intermezzo' o Cavalleria Rusticana, yr Opera Un Act, gan Pietro Mascagni, ond fedraf i yn fy myw ac egluro pam, dim ond dweud fod pob nodyn yn treiddio i gorneli fy nghyfansoddiad ac weithiau yn fy symud i ddagrau.
Sollini's characterization of the latter as possessing an "almost deafening resonance" receives confirmation in his recent recording (Music for Piano, Bongiovanni GB 5100-2 [1999], CD) of all six brief works in this volume (along with pieces by Pietro Mascagni and Umberto Giordano).
The first item, "Ave Maria," for instance, is the familiar Biblical "Hail Mary" set to the popular instrumental intermezzo by Pietro Mascagni from Cavalleria Rusticana.
Indeed, her first scene has the air of Pietro Mascagni's opera Cavalleria Rusticana in its verismo account of peasant life, while her second act (far more successful to my mind) with its disc-like playing area, druidic stones, and swirling mist suggested something out of Wagner.
The Italian composer Pietro Mascagni used this material as the basis for his one-act opera (1890) of the same name.
Twin bill of Pietro Mascagni's 'Cavalleria Rusticana' and Ruggero Leoncavallo's 'Pagliacci' will be shown on Jan.
The Metropolitan Opera Presents Pietro Mascagni's Cavalleria Rusticana