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Born Dec. 7, 1863, in Leghorn; died Aug. 2, 1945, in Rome. Italian composer.
Mascagni studied at the Milan Conservatory under A. Ponchielli and M. Saladino. In 1885 he began conducting at opera and operetta theaters. From 1895 to 1902 he was the director of the Pesaro Conservatory. Mascagni gained worldwide fame with his opera Cavalleria Rusticana (Rustic Chivalry, 1890, Costanzi Theater, Rome), which was based on a play by G. Verga. This work and Leoncavallo’s opera Pagliacci initiated a new direction in opera—the Italian school of verismo, or realism. Mascagni wrote the operas Iris (1898, Rome), Parisina (1913, Milan), and II piccolo Marat (1921, Rome). He also composed operettas, orchestral works, and music for films.
REFERENCESPompei, E. P. Mascagni nella vita e nell’arte. Rome, 1912.
Cellamare, D. Mascagni … Rome, 1941.
Anselmi, A. Pietro Mascagni. Milan, 1959.
T. G. KELDYSH