Pigeon Pea

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Related to Pigeonpea: Cajanus cajan, Gungo pea, Cajanus indicus, Tuvar
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pigeon Pea

 

(Cajanus indicus), a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae. It grows as a bush 0.5–3.5 m high with a coarse uneven ribbed stem. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. The blossoms are large and grow five to nine on each peduncle. The beans are short and flat. The seeds measure 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter.

Pigeon peas have been cultivated for more than 2,500 years. Crops are grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, in tropical Africa, in Central and South America, and in northern Australia. The young beans are used as food; in nutritional value and taste they resemble green peas. The mature seeds are used to feed stock and fowl. In some countries they are fed to scale insects, producing raw material for making shellac (resin). They are also planted in large numbers as green fertilizer and on slopes to fight erosion. There are test plantings of pigeon peas in the USSR in the southern regions of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and also in Middle Asia.

N. P. IVANOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The experiment contained two factors--(1) earthworm (none, Pontoscolex and Dichogaster) and (2) AMF (none, Glomus and Scutellospora)--all tested with pigeonpea in a complete randomised design with four replicates.
Combining ability in CMS/GMS based pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.,) hybrids.
Genetic variability, correlation and path coefficient analysis for yield and its attributing traits in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) grown under rainfed conditions of Manipur.
The Phytophthora blight (PB) of pigeonpea caused by Phytophthora drechsleri Tucker f.
According to [77] in a field experiment consisting intercropping of pearl millet with pigeonpea and castor reported that the N and P uptake by pearl millet was significantly influenced by cropping systems.
Srivastava, Purification of Characterization of Urease from Dehusked Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L) Seeds, Phytochemistry., 61, 513 (2002).
A revision of all taxa closely related to the pigeonpea, with notes on other related genera within the subtribe Cajaninae.
Almost 75% of the hybrid products of crops such as sorghum, millet and pigeonpea in the Indian market are coming from ICRISAT germplasm and breeding materials.
Johansen, "Response of short-duration pigeonpea to nitrogen application after short-term waterlogging on a Vertisol," Field Crops Research, vol.
[39] reported that low concentrations of TDZ (0.05-1.0 [micro]M) induced multiple shoots in pigeonpea. In another study, Peddaboina et al.
Koedam, "Effect of genotype and root colonization in biological control of fusarium wilts in pigeonpea and chickpea by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PNA1," Canadian Journal of Microbiology, vol.