Pinerolo

(redirected from Pignerol)

Pinerolo

(pēnārô`lō), Fr. Pignerol, city (1991 pop. 35,331), Piedmont, NW Italy, at the foot of the Alps. It is an agricultural and industrial center. Manufactures include paper, textiles, machinery, chemicals, and processed food. First mentioned in the 10th cent., Pinerolo was a strongly fortified citadel that passed to the house of Savoy in the 13th cent. It was often in French hands from 1536 to 1814, and the fortress was made a French state prison. Nicolas FouquetFouquet or Foucquet, Nicolas
, 1615–80, superintendent of finance (1653–61) under King Louis XIV of France. His loyalty to Cardinal Mazarin during the Fronde helped to secure his position.
..... Click the link for more information.
, an official of Louis XIV, died in the citadel after 19 years of imprisonment (1680), and the Man with the Iron Mask was held there for some years after his seizure in 1679. The city has an 11th-century cathedral (frequently restored).
References in classic literature ?
Oh, he has been taken to Fenestrelles, to Pignerol, or to the Sainte-Marguerite islands.
It must be full two hundred leagues from hence to Pignerol.
Le Notre's judicious handling of Louis' enthusiasms and excesses ensured that he kept the king's favour to the end of his life, whereas Fouquet was jailed for fraud and died in the Alpine fortress of Pignerol.
Tuesday Advisor of Paris mayor for International Relations Bernard Pignerol
Durante su visita a Francia, Patricia Torres multiplico sus encuentros con reporteros galos, incluso mantuvo dialogos publicos en Paris y Marsella y tuvo un encuentro con Bernard Pignerol, responsable de Relaciones Exteriores de la alcaldia de Paris, y con Yamina Benguigui, encargada del Departamento de los Derechos Humanos de la misma alcaldia.
The author also documents Foucquet's imprisonment in the Pignerol fortress, noting that the original Man in the Iron Mask lived in the next cell.
To remove d'Artagnan from the hospital, Louvois had to send for someone they trusted, his former sergeant Saint-Mars, who had been made jailer of the most remote state prison, Pignerol.
It was only after the treaty of Pignerol in 1697, which re-established peace between France and Savoy, that more and more Italian music was imported into France to the point of a real "invasion" documented by numerous sources of the time.
The secluded villa - called Le Mas de Pignerol - is in the hills above St Tropez on the Cote d'Azur.
Born the son of Duke Ferri II of Choiseul and his second wife Madeleine Barthelemy (1598); first saw action during the Huguenot Revolt at the sieges of Saint-Jean d'Angely, Clairac, Montauban, Monheurt (near Damazan) (1621), and Royan (1622); served in the defense of Ile de Re against the English during the siege of La Rochelle (August 15, 1627-October 28, 1628), and distinguished himself at the sieges of Montauban and Privas (1629); assisted in the capture of Pignerol (Pinerolo) (1630), and fought in the attack on the Carignano bridge (July?
He was held for over forty years by Louis XIV at Pignerol and other prisons, ultimately dying in the Bastille (November 19, 1703), with his identity still undisclosed.
In 1664, when Fouquet escaped the death penalty, Louis sent him to the remote Alpine prison of Pignerol and as a sign of royal displeasure at his insubordination, d'Artagnan was instructed to lead his escort of a hundred Musketeers across the mountains in savage winter conditions.