Pinerolo

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Pinerolo

(pēnārô`lō), Fr. Pignerol, city (1991 pop. 35,331), Piedmont, NW Italy, at the foot of the Alps. It is an agricultural and industrial center. Manufactures include paper, textiles, machinery, chemicals, and processed food. First mentioned in the 10th cent., Pinerolo was a strongly fortified citadel that passed to the house of Savoy in the 13th cent. It was often in French hands from 1536 to 1814, and the fortress was made a French state prison. Nicolas FouquetFouquet or Foucquet, Nicolas
, 1615–80, superintendent of finance (1653–61) under King Louis XIV of France. His loyalty to Cardinal Mazarin during the Fronde helped to secure his position.
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, an official of Louis XIV, died in the citadel after 19 years of imprisonment (1680), and the Man with the Iron Mask was held there for some years after his seizure in 1679. The city has an 11th-century cathedral (frequently restored).
References in classic literature ?
Oh, he has been taken to Fenestrelles, to Pignerol, or to the Sainte-Marguerite islands.
It must be full two hundred leagues from hence to Pignerol.
Le Notre's judicious handling of Louis' enthusiasms and excesses ensured that he kept the king's favour to the end of his life, whereas Fouquet was jailed for fraud and died in the Alpine fortress of Pignerol.
Tuesday Advisor of Paris mayor for International Relations Bernard Pignerol
The author also documents Foucquet's imprisonment in the Pignerol fortress, noting that the original Man in the Iron Mask lived in the next cell.
It was only after the treaty of Pignerol in 1697, which re-established peace between France and Savoy, that more and more Italian music was imported into France to the point of a real "invasion" documented by numerous sources of the time.