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(both: pənăng`), state (1991 pop. 1,065,075), c.400 sq mi (1,040 sq km), Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca. It consists of Pulau Pinang (an island of 108 sq mi/280 sq km), formerly known as Georgetown; and Province Wellesley (292 sq mi/756 sq km), a strip of territory on the Malay Peninsula adjacent to Pulau Pinang. On the island is the capital, the city of Pinang, also known as George Town (1991 pop. 219,376); it is Malaysia's second-busiest port. It was founded in 1786 by British merchants and was ruled by Great Britain until it became part of what is now Malaysia in 1957. The city has a botanical garden, museums, and performing arts center. The island has large tin-smelting works, and large areas are devoted to rice and rubber. Well over half the inhabitants of the state are Chinese. Indians are less numerous; less than a third are Malays.

Pinang Island was the first British settlement on the Malay Peninsula. It was occupied in 1786 by Francis Light of the British East India Company with the permission of the sultan of KedahKedah
, state (1991 pop. 1,304,800), 3,660 sq mi (9,479 sq km), central Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca. It is bordered on the N and NE by Thailand. The capital and chief city is Alor Setar; Sungai Patani is an important town.
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. After an unsuccessful attempt to retake the island (1791), the sultan agreed on a settlement from the British of an annual stipend, and in 1800 he also ceded Province Wellesley. Pinang, together with Province Wellesley, Malacca, and Singapore, became known as the Straits SettlementsStraits Settlements,
collective name for certain former British colonies in Southeast Asia. The three British East India Company territories of Pinang, Singapore, and Malacca (see Melaka) were given a unified administration in 1826 and called the Straits Settlements.
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. Under the British, Pinang grew rapidly in commercial importance, although it was surpassed by Singapore. Pinang joined the Federation of Malaya (see MalaysiaMalaysia
, independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.
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) in 1948.



(Penang), a state in Malaysia. Located in the northwestern Malay Peninsula and on the island of Pinang. Area, 1,000 sq km. Population, 776,800 (1970). The state’s capital and chief port is the city of Pinang.

Pinang is one of the most economically developed states in the country; a considerable portion of Malaysia’s industry is concentrated there. It has tin-smelting plants owned by British capital in the cities of Pinang and Butterworth, vegetable-oil mills, and enterprises engaged in the primary processing of rubber. Also in Pinang are electronics and garment industries. Rubber plants and coconut and oil palms are cultivated, as well as rice and other crops.



(Penang, the former George Town), a city and port in Malaysia, located on the island of Pinang. Capital of Pinang State. Population, 270,000 (1970).

Pinang is linked by ferry with the Malay Peninsula. It has a tin-smelting plant, as well as rubber-processing, food-processing (coconut oil), garment, and electronics industries. A significant part of the population is employed in the service industry, especially in the fields of trade and transportation. Much of the country’s foreign trade is handled by the port of Pinang, including the export of rubber and tin and the import of industrial goods and petroleum products. In 1973 the port handled 3.3 million tons of cargo.

References in periodicals archive ?
Corresponding Author: Noorzalila Muhammad Niza, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (Pulau Pinang), 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
Pulau Pinang is in foal to Clodovil and also has a Zamindar yearling who will be retained by Ooi.
with cocoon, 1 juvenile, Pulau Pinang, Batu Ferringgi, 5[degrees]28'N, 100[degrees]15'E, 29 November 1976, P.
For example, in the archaeology of the nearby Celebes Island of Moratai, in the site of Tanjung Pinang, a stone anvil dating to c.
Indonesian carrier Merpati Nusantara Airlines has temporarily suspended flights between Palembang and Pangkal and between Pinang and Belitung due to an aircraft shortage.
Pulau Pinang, trained by Gerard Butler, got off the mark at Lingfield last year and hinted at a return to winning form when second on the all- weather recently.
Three of these projects, Menara Budaya and Central Plaza (37 and 27 storeys respectively, both shown here) in Kuala Lumpur's `Golden Triangle', and Menara UMNO (25 storeys) in central Pulau Pinang, form a set: each tower has almost identical programmatic characteristics but with varying site conditions and orientation.
Rapid development in the state of Pulau Pinang has left a huge impact on local economic development.
As domestic and international markets continue to grow, in 2013 Garuda will also open several domestic routes, such as Balikpapan - Banjarmasin, Balikpapan - Manado, Balikpapan - Berau, Jakarta - Tanjung Pinang, and international routes such as Surabaya - Singapore, Denpasar - Bangkok, Denpasar - Brisbane and Denpasar - Kuala Lumpur.
The villas comprise two-storey and three-storey units spread over 15 acres and offer views of the sea in Seri Tanjung Pinang, one of Penang's most sought after residential enclaves.
Daripada Jawi Peranakan kepada Melayu: Tinjauan Terhadap Komuniti Jawi Peranakan di Pulau Pinang Pada Abad Ke-21.
Yet his mother frets day and night in Quetta, Pakistan because her son is trapped midway to a new life in Australia, locked up with one hundred and fifty other Hazaras in Tanjung Pinang Detention Centre in Indonesia, just 40 kilometres south of Singapore.