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(both: pənăng`), state (1991 pop. 1,065,075), c.400 sq mi (1,040 sq km), Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca. It consists of Pulau Pinang (an island of 108 sq mi/280 sq km), formerly known as Georgetown; and Province Wellesley (292 sq mi/756 sq km), a strip of territory on the Malay Peninsula adjacent to Pulau Pinang. On the island is the capital, the city of Pinang, also known as George Town (1991 pop. 219,376); it is Malaysia's second-busiest port. It was founded in 1786 by British merchants and was ruled by Great Britain until it became part of what is now Malaysia in 1957. The city has a botanical garden, museums, and performing arts center. The island has large tin-smelting works, and large areas are devoted to rice and rubber. Well over half the inhabitants of the state are Chinese. Indians are less numerous; less than a third are Malays.

Pinang Island was the first British settlement on the Malay Peninsula. It was occupied in 1786 by Francis Light of the British East India Company with the permission of the sultan of KedahKedah
, state (1991 pop. 1,304,800), 3,660 sq mi (9,479 sq km), central Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca. It is bordered on the N and NE by Thailand. The capital and chief city is Alor Setar; Sungai Patani is an important town.
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. After an unsuccessful attempt to retake the island (1791), the sultan agreed on a settlement from the British of an annual stipend, and in 1800 he also ceded Province Wellesley. Pinang, together with Province Wellesley, Malacca, and Singapore, became known as the Straits SettlementsStraits Settlements,
collective name for certain former British colonies in Southeast Asia. The three British East India Company territories of Pinang, Singapore, and Malacca (see Melaka) were given a unified administration in 1826 and called the Straits Settlements.
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. Under the British, Pinang grew rapidly in commercial importance, although it was surpassed by Singapore. Pinang joined the Federation of Malaya (see MalaysiaMalaysia
, independent federation (2015 est. pop. 30,723,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.
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) in 1948.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Penang), a state in Malaysia. Located in the northwestern Malay Peninsula and on the island of Pinang. Area, 1,000 sq km. Population, 776,800 (1970). The state’s capital and chief port is the city of Pinang.

Pinang is one of the most economically developed states in the country; a considerable portion of Malaysia’s industry is concentrated there. It has tin-smelting plants owned by British capital in the cities of Pinang and Butterworth, vegetable-oil mills, and enterprises engaged in the primary processing of rubber. Also in Pinang are electronics and garment industries. Rubber plants and coconut and oil palms are cultivated, as well as rice and other crops.



(Penang, the former George Town), a city and port in Malaysia, located on the island of Pinang. Capital of Pinang State. Population, 270,000 (1970).

Pinang is linked by ferry with the Malay Peninsula. It has a tin-smelting plant, as well as rubber-processing, food-processing (coconut oil), garment, and electronics industries. A significant part of the population is employed in the service industry, especially in the fields of trade and transportation. Much of the country’s foreign trade is handled by the port of Pinang, including the export of rubber and tin and the import of industrial goods and petroleum products. In 1973 the port handled 3.3 million tons of cargo.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alesandra Monica Fenina, graduated from SMA Negeri 2 Tanjung Pinang, chose President University because it has more links than other universities.
The next chapter discusses regional political economy and national politics and provides detailed population statistics along ethnic lines for Tanjung Pinang. It brings to attention how significant changes in these three areas over the last thirty years have disturbed the relative tranquillity of Tanjung Pinang's Malay identity.
In present, preliminary works on waqf lands in Pulau Pinang for this study has been carried out.
By living in Tanjung Pinang, and not among those who set the agenda of history, identity and power, Long is able to question a depiction of the region that scholars--including myself--have long perpetuated of a deeply entrenched Malay heartland.
As far as TE is concerned, the year 1999 saw Kelantan and Pulau Pinang record an efficiency level of 100 per cent.
The villas comprise two-storey and three-storey units spread over 15 acres and offer spectacular views of the sea in Seri Tanjung Pinang, one of Penang's most sought after residential enclaves.
The 94 papers in this volume were selected from the International Conference on X-Ray and Related Technique in Research and Industry held in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, in July 2012.
In this research, Pinang frond was used as a precursor for preparing the Pinang frond-based activated carbon (PFAC) via C[O.sub.2] physical activation.
Yet his mother frets day and night in Quetta, Pakistan because her son is trapped midway to a new life in Australia, locked up with one hundred and fifty other Hazaras in Tanjung Pinang Detention Centre in Indonesia, just 40 kilometres south of Singapore.
It will build a gallery outlet to expand its foreign exchange transaction services in Jakarta, Palembang and Pangkal Pinang. Its priority customers will be increased from 1,800 to 3,000, he said.
al- Bayan Pada Ta'wil Ayat-Ayat al-Quran (1), Pulau Pinang: (
Introduced to racing by his father, also an owner, Ooi keeps two broodmares - Penang Pearl, dam of Harbinger, and Pulau Pinang - in Britain.