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(both: pənăng`), state (1991 pop. 1,065,075), c.400 sq mi (1,040 sq km), Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca. It consists of Pulau Pinang (an island of 108 sq mi/280 sq km), formerly known as Georgetown; and Province Wellesley (292 sq mi/756 sq km), a strip of territory on the Malay Peninsula adjacent to Pulau Pinang. On the island is the capital, the city of Pinang, also known as George Town (1991 pop. 219,376); it is Malaysia's second-busiest port. It was founded in 1786 by British merchants and was ruled by Great Britain until it became part of what is now Malaysia in 1957. The city has a botanical garden, museums, and performing arts center. The island has large tin-smelting works, and large areas are devoted to rice and rubber. Well over half the inhabitants of the state are Chinese. Indians are less numerous; less than a third are Malays.

Pinang Island was the first British settlement on the Malay Peninsula. It was occupied in 1786 by Francis Light of the British East India Company with the permission of the sultan of KedahKedah
, state (1991 pop. 1,304,800), 3,660 sq mi (9,479 sq km), central Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca. It is bordered on the N and NE by Thailand. The capital and chief city is Alor Setar; Sungai Patani is an important town.
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. After an unsuccessful attempt to retake the island (1791), the sultan agreed on a settlement from the British of an annual stipend, and in 1800 he also ceded Province Wellesley. Pinang, together with Province Wellesley, Malacca, and Singapore, became known as the Straits SettlementsStraits Settlements,
collective name for certain former British colonies in Southeast Asia. The three British East India Company territories of Pinang, Singapore, and Malacca (see Melaka) were given a unified administration in 1826 and called the Straits Settlements.
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. Under the British, Pinang grew rapidly in commercial importance, although it was surpassed by Singapore. Pinang joined the Federation of Malaya (see MalaysiaMalaysia
, independent federation (2015 est. pop. 30,723,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.
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) in 1948.



(Penang), a state in Malaysia. Located in the northwestern Malay Peninsula and on the island of Pinang. Area, 1,000 sq km. Population, 776,800 (1970). The state’s capital and chief port is the city of Pinang.

Pinang is one of the most economically developed states in the country; a considerable portion of Malaysia’s industry is concentrated there. It has tin-smelting plants owned by British capital in the cities of Pinang and Butterworth, vegetable-oil mills, and enterprises engaged in the primary processing of rubber. Also in Pinang are electronics and garment industries. Rubber plants and coconut and oil palms are cultivated, as well as rice and other crops.



(Penang, the former George Town), a city and port in Malaysia, located on the island of Pinang. Capital of Pinang State. Population, 270,000 (1970).

Pinang is linked by ferry with the Malay Peninsula. It has a tin-smelting plant, as well as rubber-processing, food-processing (coconut oil), garment, and electronics industries. A significant part of the population is employed in the service industry, especially in the fields of trade and transportation. Much of the country’s foreign trade is handled by the port of Pinang, including the export of rubber and tin and the import of industrial goods and petroleum products. In 1973 the port handled 3.3 million tons of cargo.

References in periodicals archive ?
Long thoughtfully points out that while the affective states of Tanjung Pinang islanders in the early years of provincial autonomy are to be understood with reference to wider constellations of power and meaning, this nexus is not deterministic.
Table 1: Geographic background of selected meteorological observatory stations Regions Station Latitude Northwest Chuping, Perlis 6[degrees]29' N Alor Setar, 6[degrees]12' N Kedah Bayan Lepas, 5[degrees]18' N Pulau Pinang East Kota Bharu, 6[degrees]10' N Kelantan Kuala Terengganu, 5[degrees]23' N Terengganu Regions Station Longitude Altitude (m) Northwest Chuping, Perlis 100[degrees]16'E 21.
However, further comparison indicates that Pulau Pinang recorded the highest mean technical scores (97.
6) Interviews with government officials and community figures in Batam and Tanjung Pinang, November 2006.
The villas comprise two-storey and three-storey units spread over 15 acres and offer spectacular views of the sea in Seri Tanjung Pinang, one of Penang's most sought after residential enclaves.
The 94 papers in this volume were selected from the International Conference on X-Ray and Related Technique in Research and Industry held in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, in July 2012.
The 18 power plants are the 20 -megawatt (MW) Tanjung Pinang Power Plant, the 14 MW Tanah Grogot Power Plant, the 14 MW Ketapang Power Plant, the 11 MW Pangkalan Bun Power Plant, the 12 MW Lampung Tengah Power Plant, the 12 MW Tanjung Balai Karimun Power Plant, the 12 MW Kalianda Power Plant, the 50 MW Pontianak Power Plant, the 200 MW Jenepono Power Plant, the 12 MW Gorontalo Power Plant, the 11 MW Tembilahan Power Plant, the 11 MW Rengat Power Plant, the 200 MW Kuala Tanjung Power Plant, the 20 Molo Tabu Power Plant, the 10 MW Manippi Power Plant, the 55 MW Kaltim Power Plant, the 200 MW Banjarsari Power Plant and the 225 MW Keban Agung Power Plant.
Introduced to racing by his father, also an owner, Ooi keeps two broodmares - Penang Pearl, dam of Harbinger, and Pulau Pinang - in Britain.
We have proven that the Indians are coming back (to Barisan) with the wins in Bagan Pinang and Hulu Selangor and no one can deny this fact," he said.
The group were expected to be taken to the Australian-funded Tanjung Pinang immigration detention centre on Bintan island, near Singapore, where their asylum claims will be assessed by the United Nations refugee agency.
Penang in Malaysia is known as the Pearl of the Orient but the exotic island called Pulau Pinang actually translates in Malay as Betel Nut Island.