Pinghsiang-Liuyang Uprising of 1906

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

P’inghsiang-Liuyang Uprising of 1906


a Chinese popular revolt in the district of P’inghsiang in Shansi Province and the districts of Liuyang and Liling in Hunan Province. The uprising was led by a secret society named Hung Chang Hui (Society of Universal Prosperity), whose goal was the overthrow of the Manchu Ch’ing Dynasty. Some of the society’s leaders were associated with the T’ung-meng Hui revolutionary party.

In late November 1906, the Hung Chang Hui engaged in sporadic antigovernmental protests. On December 4, the leaders of the society proclaimed an insurrection and summoned all its members to armed struggle. Between December 7 and 12 the insurgents seized a considerable part of the territory in the three districts mentioned above. Participants in the revolt included peasants, miners from Anyüan in P’inghsiang district, soldiers, and the local poor. The rebels killed people of wealth and government officials and razed their houses.

In late December the insurgent forces were defeated by government troops, and in early 1907 the authorities destroyed the last remnants of the rebel detachments. According to some sources about 10,000 persons were killed or executed in the course of suppressing the rebellion.


Kostiaeva, A. S. Narodnye dvizheniia v Kitae v 1901-1911 gg. Moscow, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.