Pink Salmon

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pink salmon

[‚piŋk ′sam·ən]
(vertebrate zoology)
Oncorhynchus. Weighing less than 2 kilograms (5 pounds), it is the smallest but typically most abundant of the salmon. Also known as humpback salmon.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pink Salmon


(Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), also humpback salmon, a fish of the genus of Pacific salmon. Approximately 0.5 m long, it weighs about 1.5 kg (the smallest representative of the Pacific salmon genus). The scales are very small. The fish is distributed in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean south to Vladivostok and San Francisco as well as in the Arctic Ocean west to the Lena River and east to the Mackenzie River. Migration up the rivers to spawn takes place at any time from the end of June to the beginning of August. The fish spawns over gravel in the shallow parts of rivers from the middle of July to the beginning of October. In the south these dates are earlier than in the north. Before spawning a hump forms on the males. After spawning the fish die. The reproductive capacity is 1,200–2,000 roe. The fry descend to the sea around May. They return sexually mature to the rivers the following year. The size of the fish in catches fluctuates greatly from year to year. The pink salmon is an important commercial fish. It is acclimatized in the Barents and White seas as well as in the vicinity of Newfoundland.


Vosproizvodstvo i akklimatizatsiia lososevykh ν Barentsovom i Belom moriakh. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A dead pink salmon was picked up at the Gordon's Pool on the lower Findhorn last Monday - the first time the species has been recorded there.
In 2017, numbers of pink salmon were reported in inshore waters and rivers in Scotland and England.
"It is anticipated more pink salmon will be observed over the coming weeks and fisheries managers, anglers and netsmen are requested to remain vigilant, particularly if fishing in the lower reaches of the river systems.
Pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), also known as humpback salmon, originate from the northern Pacific Ocean.
Despite this being a Chester and Wales first, numerous reports of captured pink salmon were made around the UK in 2017.
Pink salmon are native to Pacific Ocean waters but have spread to parts of northern Europe after being released into rivers in Russia in the 1960s.
David Mee, specialist fisheries adviser for NRW, said: "It is quite unusual to find pink salmon in our waters, this may be the first in some 30 years.
David Mee, specialist fisheries advisor for NRW, said: "It's quite unusual to find pink salmon in our waters, this may be the first in some 30 years, though there were numerous reports around the UK and Ireland in 2017 "I'd urge netsmen and anglers to contact us if they see any nonnative salmon in the waters, with a date, location and, if possible a photograph, which would really help us identify them and build up a picture of where they may be."
According to the experts, pink salmon have a two-year life cycle.
"We are also predicting sizeable harvests of pink salmon in Prince William Sound, about 65 million; Kodiak, about 27 million; and the South Alaska Peninsula, about 20.6 million," Brenner says.