Pioneer Camp

Pioneer Camp

 

an educational and health-care institution for Pioneers and schoolchildren aged seven to 15, operated during summer and winter vacations by trade union councils and committees in cooperation with Komsomol committees, economic organizations, and kolkhoz boards, as well as by public-education and public-health associations and committees on physical education and sports.

Most Pioneer camps are located in rural areas. Sanatorium camps, some operating year-round, have been established for children in poor health and for those with chronic diseases, speech defects, or other disabilities. Pioneers and schoolchildren remaining in the city during the summer attend urban Pioneer day camps. Such camps are patronized by enterprises, institutions, and other organizations. Kolkhoz and interkolkhoz Pioneer camps are also being developed. Secondary-school and vocational-school pupils and students attend camps specializing in health care, sports, military sports, camping and hiking, and such fields as technology, nature study, and geology. They also attend camps for labor and rest, generally attached to rural schools, kolkhozes, and sovkhozes.

Pioneer camps and camps for older schoolchildren are supported by social insurance, trade unions, economic organizations, and the centralized Union fund of kolkhoz social insurance and by contributions from parents; on the scale established by the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions, the last amounts to approximately one-third of the cost of the stay in the camp. Pioneer camps also have Pioneer brigades and amateur groups.

As of 1973, there were approximately 40,000 Pioneer camps in the USSR, attended by some 9.3 million children. They included 10,600 rural camps, with 6.1 million children; 17,000 work-and-rest camps and camps specializing in sports, camping, hiking, and other fields, with 1.6 million children; 8,300 urban camps, with more than 1 million children; and 3,300 kolkhoz camps, with about 500,000 children.

In accordance with the decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU On Measures for Further Improvement of Rest and Recreation for Pioneers and Schoolchildren (1974), the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions, the Central Committee of the All-Union Komsomol, ministries and departments of the USSR, the Council of Ministers of the Union and autonomous republics, and the executive committees of the krai and oblast Councils of People’s Deputies are all carrying out measures for further improving health and recreational work among schoolchildren. They are also seeking to utilize summer vacations for work and ideological and political training and to develop comprehensive physical education, sports training, hiking and camping, and health care for children and adolescents.

The largest year-round children’s health camps in the USSR are Artek, the All-Union Pioneer camp of the Central Committee of the All-Union Komsomol, and the following republic-level camps: Orlenok (Little Eagle, RSFSR), Molodaia Gvardiia (Young Guard, Ukrainian SSR), and Zubrenok (Little Bison, Byelorussian SSR).

Pioneer camps and camps for older schoolchildren have also been developed in other socialist countries.

O. N. PUSHKINA and IU. V. BURAKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The sprawling complex cut into the hills was the biggest and most prestigious pioneer camp in Soviet times: a dream destination for the young.
So I had the taxi take me up to the Young Pioneer camp in the hills behind Buda that was serving as a transit camp.
The Elewana Collection comprises: Arusha Coffee Lodge, cradled in the endless acres of one of Tanzania's largest coffee plantations; Tarangire Treetops, with its unique tree house style rooms built on wooden decks around the trunks of enormous Baobab and Marula trees; Serengeti Migration Camp and Serengeti Pioneer Camp located in the Serengeti National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the continent's largest ecosystems; and The Manor at Ngorongoro, located adjacent to the world famous Ngorongoro Conservation Area.
The Dubai-headquartered equipment rental firm said it is providing a Pioneer camp set-up for the contractor in the Empty Quarter, adjacent to the Saudi border.
The actors did a week of pioneer camp before shooting, in the area near Bend, Oregon where Meek's wagon train was lost and which Reichardt said had changed little from pioneer days.
Using primary sources and original documents as his basis, he focuses on the journey of the original pioneer camp of 1847 led by Brigham Young, their leadership discussions and debates, the march from Winter Quarters to the Great Basin, the early settlements in the valley, the Emigration Camp of the summer of 1847, the first conference of the church in the Salt Lake Valley in 1848, and the experiences of those who took the journey.
A pioneer camp being built there was then generating a lot of interest with various contractors and suppliers positioning themselves to get a part of the action.
Technip is now in country preparing its pioneer camp for construction workers as mobilization at the refinery site is scheduled to take place in the fourth quarter of 2005.
The fun fair will keep the children occupied, craft stalls for the adults and the pioneer camp for those who want to try their hand at climbing.
The past few summers, he has experienced a mission trip to Mexico City, ministry at XCape (a drop-in centre for youth), counselling at Pioneer Camp, LIT director at Camp Iona, General Assembly in Ottawa, two summers working with grades 1 to 3 at a Roman Catholic elementary school.
In the title story, boys at a Young Pioneer camp tell one another horror stories by the sinister blue light of a lantern burning outside their dorm window.
In 1991, a delegation of four ACA members--Jack Pearse and Jane McCutcheon from Canada and Robert Lebby and Linda (Grier) Pulliam from the US--participated in a conference at Artek, a Young Pioneer Camp, now in Ukraine, which accommodated 5,000 children in ten sub-camps.