Pioneers


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pioneers

 

the personnel of engineer units in the French, German, British, American, and several other armies.

In the Russian Army of the second half of the 18th and early 19th centuries, pioneers included soldiers of pioneer companies and mounted pioneer squadrons, which, along with mine and sapper companies, were organic to the pioneer battalions, regiments, and brigades of the engineer troops. They were assigned to surmount obstructions and carry out fortification work when attacking enemy fortifications. Pioneers usually acted in advance of attacking columns. During troop movements, pioneers were sent ahead to prepare roads. Pioneer battalions and brigades were renamed sapper battalions and brigades in 1829, and pioneer companies were renamed sapper companies in 1844.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
And the small Pioneers still were larger than many others of the time, including the Strite 3-point, which weighed 4,200 lbs., and the tiny Moline Universal "D," which weighed only 2,800 lbs.
She is also quite perceptive about the reasons for the eventual failure of these pioneers to transmit their values and programs to the second generation of female officers who began to enter police departments in the thirties.
Pioneers have a long history of "answering the call of those in need." The association was founded in 1911 and today, members are all across the U.S.
So, at best, children's literature and services suffer from a perceived sense of irrelevance, which further isolates the history of the significant women pioneers within the field.
Schnaars does not really talk about imitation strategies so much as pioneer advantages - a subject of long-standing interest to researchers from many disciplines and one whose answer is unclear.
If you can arrange to drive westward along I-84, which closely follows the Trail, that direction will best help you pick up the pioneers' unfolding drama, a script written largely by menacing mountains, roaring rapids on the Columbia River, and an all-too-short summer season.
interplanetary mission, called Pioneer Venus, took off in 1978, bound for the same destination.
Pioneer spirit earned a celestial salute in 1801, when the German sky cartographer Johann Bode added a new constellation to his Uranographia star atlas.
This is a complicated assignment, one that would involve comparing these modern histories with a full spectrum of primary historical materials - letters, diaries, legal papers, contemporary newspaper accounts - written by the pioneers themselves.
Still at work, however, are similarlyequipped Pioneers 6 through 8, as well as Pioneers 10 and 11, on their way out of the solar system after becoming the first craft to visit Jupiter and Saturn, and Pioneer 12, in orbit around the planet Venus.