Piotr Sciegienny

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ściegienny, Piotr


Born Jan. 19, 1800, in Bilcza, near the city of Kielce; died Nov. 6,1890, in Lublin. Polish revolutionary.

The son of peasants, Sciegienny became a priest. In the late 1830’s he began writing revolutionary propaganda, which he disseminated among the peasants. In these works he attacked social inequality and exploitation, asserted the legality and justice of a revolutionary war by the exploited against their oppressors, and advocated the union of all the popular masses, regardless of nationality.

In the early 1840’s, Ściegienny founded a secret peasant organization, which was active in the southern parts of the Kingdom of Poland and which advocated Ściegienny’s program. Sciegienny planned an uprising for October 1844; however, he was betrayed and sentenced to hard labor, completing his term in 1861. In 1871 he returned to his homeland. Ściegienny was in sympathy with the first Polish socialists.


D’iakov, V. A. Revoliutsionnaia deiatel’nost’ i mirovozzrenie Petra Stsegennogo. Moscow, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.