Piotr Sciegienny

Ściegienny, Piotr


Born Jan. 19, 1800, in Bilcza, near the city of Kielce; died Nov. 6,1890, in Lublin. Polish revolutionary.

The son of peasants, Sciegienny became a priest. In the late 1830’s he began writing revolutionary propaganda, which he disseminated among the peasants. In these works he attacked social inequality and exploitation, asserted the legality and justice of a revolutionary war by the exploited against their oppressors, and advocated the union of all the popular masses, regardless of nationality.

In the early 1840’s, Ściegienny founded a secret peasant organization, which was active in the southern parts of the Kingdom of Poland and which advocated Ściegienny’s program. Sciegienny planned an uprising for October 1844; however, he was betrayed and sentenced to hard labor, completing his term in 1861. In 1871 he returned to his homeland. Ściegienny was in sympathy with the first Polish socialists.


D’iakov, V. A. Revoliutsionnaia deiatel’nost’ i mirovozzrenie Petra Stsegennogo. Moscow, 1972.