pipe smoking


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pipe smoking.

The habit of smoking various substances probably arose independently in different parts of the world. Herodotus in the 5th cent. B.C. describes the Scythians as inhaling the fumes of burning leaves until they were intoxicated. The leaves may have been marijuanamarijuana
or marihuana,
drug obtained from the flowering tops, stems, and leaves of the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa (see hemp) or C. indica; the latter species can withstand colder climates.
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, which was smoked in Africa and Asia long before the diffusion of tobaccotobacco,
name for any plant of the genus Nicotiana of the Solanaceae family (nightshade family) and for the product manufactured from the leaf and used in cigars and cigarettes, snuff, and pipe and chewing tobacco.
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 from America in the 16th cent. Among the Native Americans, pipe smoking was practiced long before the arrival of Europeans. The peace pipe, or calumetcalumet
[Fr.,=reed], name given by the French to the peace pipe used by the indigenous people of North America for smoking tobacco; it consisted of a long, feathered stem, with or without a pipe bowl.
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, was smoked in ceremonies to signify a covenant between tribes. The use of tobacco and pipes spread around the world rapidly. In Asia, opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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, which up to that time had only been eaten, was first smoked in the 17th cent. The hookah of Persia and the narghile of India, both of which filter smoke through water, may have evolved independently from the marijuana-smoking practices among aboriginal groups of S Africa and of central Asia. Everywhere, pipes have acquired particular national characteristics and have blossomed into many shapes, fashioned from many materials, including brier, stone, clay, wood, porcelain, meerschaum, and corncobs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lincoln" is about Lincoln's Gettysburg address, a brief but moving speech he gave in honor of fallen soldiers in the Civil War, and "George Washington's Mother" is a true story about Mary Washington, who was known for meddling in George's business, baking gingerbread, and pipe smoking.
Kirklees public health officials have previously warned that shisha pipe smoking can be more detrimental to health than cigarettes.
However, there is a tradition of pipe smoking dating back to the beginning of the 20th century, with the habit always associated with the intellectual class.
Key Words: Sheesha smoking, Water pipe smoking, Medical students
Thomas Eissenberg, a professor who has conducted numerous studies on water pipe smoking.
UKPRwire, Fri Sep 19 2014] Pipe smoking is ingrained in Moroccan culture.
One of the main reasons for doing this study is water pipe smoking is becoming much more popular -- especially among younger people and college students," said Gideon St Helen, the study's lead author from the University of California, San Francisco.
Male to female ratio of water pipe smoking was found to be surprisingly high as 1:1.
ClickPress, Wed Dec 04 2013] Pipe smoking is not a widely spread tradition in Uruguay and it has not been affected by the anti-tobacco legislation bans as pipes are usually smoked at home where the bans are not applicable.
While the SA Tobacco Control policy prohibits tobacco smoking in public spaces, such prohibition does not explicitly extend to hookah pipe smoking.
Their study is the latest in a slew of research linking nargileh or water pipe smoking to a variety of lung diseases, which also shows that frequent users can develop both a chemical and psychological dependence similar to that of cigarettes.
This notion exists despite the publication of research conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) which, shows that an average pipe smoking session of shisha can be as bad as smoking up to 200 cigarettes3.