pipe smoking

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pipe smoking.

The habit of smoking various substances probably arose independently in different parts of the world. Herodotus in the 5th cent. B.C. describes the Scythians as inhaling the fumes of burning leaves until they were intoxicated. The leaves may have been marijuanamarijuana
or marihuana,
drug obtained from the flowering tops, stems, and leaves of the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa (see hemp) or C. indica; the latter species can withstand colder climates.
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, which was smoked in Africa and Asia long before the diffusion of tobaccotobacco,
name for any plant of the genus Nicotiana of the Solanaceae family (nightshade family) and for the product manufactured from the leaf and used in cigars and cigarettes, snuff, and pipe and chewing tobacco.
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 from America in the 16th cent. Among the Native Americans, pipe smoking was practiced long before the arrival of Europeans. The peace pipe, or calumetcalumet
[Fr.,=reed], name given by the French to the peace pipe used by the indigenous people of North America for smoking tobacco; it consisted of a long, feathered stem, with or without a pipe bowl.
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, was smoked in ceremonies to signify a covenant between tribes. The use of tobacco and pipes spread around the world rapidly. In Asia, opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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, which up to that time had only been eaten, was first smoked in the 17th cent. The hookah of Persia and the narghile of India, both of which filter smoke through water, may have evolved independently from the marijuana-smoking practices among aboriginal groups of S Africa and of central Asia. Everywhere, pipes have acquired particular national characteristics and have blossomed into many shapes, fashioned from many materials, including brier, stone, clay, wood, porcelain, meerschaum, and corncobs.
References in periodicals archive ?
In spite of these deleterious health effects, water pipe smoking is widely believed to be a less harmful form of tobacco smoking, and a safer alternative to cigarette smoking (Akl, 2011)".
One of the main reasons for doing this study is water pipe smoking is becoming much more popular -- especially among younger people and college students," said Gideon St Helen, the study's lead author from the University of California, San Francisco.
It is critical that government regulators appreciate that pipe smokers are a well-identified and small group of adults; pipe smoking is not of interest to adolescents or even young adults.
The declaration, which was endorsed unanimously, warned that water pipe smoking had become a "global epidemic" that particularly threatened the world's youth.
While the SA Tobacco Control policy prohibits tobacco smoking in public spaces, such prohibition does not explicitly extend to hookah pipe smoking.
People termed the increased use of water pipe smoking among the most vulnerable groups as alarming and urged a complete ban on Shisha houses and smoking.
gov/cancertop ics/factsheet/Tobacco/smokeless HEALTH chiefs are warning about the rising popularity of Shisha pipe smoking amid a 41% surge in mouth cancer rates.
Summary: Taking a stroll through Erbil's downtown market, the sight of shisha pipe smoking easily catches the eye.
After cigarettes, water pipe smoking is the most common form of tobacco use among U.
A research team has warned that the issue of midwakh, a form of tobacco pipe smoking, needs to be addressed as a matter of urgency in the UAE.
Espousing the virtues of tweed, pipe smoking and chivalry through the medium of rap, the Gentleman Rhymer is perhaps the world's first and only superstar of chap-hop.
According to the WHO, analyses have reached to the point that shisha is far more dangerous than smoking cigarettes or pipe smoking.