Pipeline Transportation

Pipeline Transportation


a method of transportation in which liquid, gaseous, or solid products are moved over long distances through pipelines. It is used mainly for conveying natural gas, petroleum, and solid materials.

Pipelines are classified in terms of their purpose and territorial layout as trunk, or main, and industrial pipelines. Trunk lines include natural-gas and petroleum pipelines, which usually carry the product from the place of its extraction to the sites of processing and consumption, to industrial plants, or to seaports for transshipment to tankers and continued transportation. Trunk lines also carry finished petroleum products from refineries to areas of consumption. Pipeline transportation is also used within industrial plants, where other products suitable for this mode of conveyance are transported in order to continue the production process. Pipelines in tank farms, industrial pipelines for petroleum, natural gas, and mixed products on oil fields, and municipal pipeline networks for natural-gas distribution, water supply, and sewerage are also part of pipeline transportation.

Pipeline transportation is a progressive and economically advantageous mode of transportation. It is characterized by flexibility, the absence of freight losses in transit, complete mechanization and automation of labor-intensive loading and unloading operations, and recovery of packaging. As a consequence, transportation costs are lowered—for liquid goods, for example, the costs of pipeline transportation are one-third of those for railroad transport.

Further development of trunk pipelines is linked to an increase in pipe diameter and the pressure of natural gas or petroleum conveyed through the pipeline and to the provision of compressor units for higher pressures. The transport of liquefied natural gas is another possible way of reducing transportation costs.


Popov, S. S. Transport nefti, nefteproduktov i gaza, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1960.
Smoldyrev, A. E. Gidro - i pnevmotransport, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1975.


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Chicago, Illinois-based global investment firm Citadel has agreed to acquire a portfolio of natural gas pipeline transportation capacity through 2032 in the Western US from Oklahoma-based natural gas and petroleum exploration company WPX Energy, the company said.
Target: Portfolio of natural gas pipeline transportation capacity
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The Pipeline Transportation Division is engaged in the pipeline transportation of crude oil and carbon dioxide.
2bn cuc ft (Bcf) of working natural gas storage capacity; brine supply infrastructure; and 0ver 240 miles of pipeline transportation assets that includes an extensive ethylene distribution system.
4 March 2011 - Investments in oil and gas activities on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS), including pipeline transportation, declined for the first time since 2002, by 7.
to develop, finance, build, own and operate major pipeline transportation systems worldwide.
Statistics Norway, the Norwegian state statistics agency, said on Thursday (2 September) that total investments in oil and gas activities for 2004, including pipeline transportation, were now estimated at NOK74.
have formed a new company to develop, finance, build, own and operate major pipeline transportation systems worldwide.
The increase would be achieved by expanding the Cove Point LNG terminal in Maryland and associated pipeline transportation capacity on the US east coast.
Statistics Norway, the Norwegian state statistics agency, said today (5 June) that the total investments in Norwegian oil and gas activity in 2004, including pipeline transportation, amounted to a first-time estimate of NOK58.

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