Pipeline Transportation

Pipeline Transportation

 

a method of transportation in which liquid, gaseous, or solid products are moved over long distances through pipelines. It is used mainly for conveying natural gas, petroleum, and solid materials.

Pipelines are classified in terms of their purpose and territorial layout as trunk, or main, and industrial pipelines. Trunk lines include natural-gas and petroleum pipelines, which usually carry the product from the place of its extraction to the sites of processing and consumption, to industrial plants, or to seaports for transshipment to tankers and continued transportation. Trunk lines also carry finished petroleum products from refineries to areas of consumption. Pipeline transportation is also used within industrial plants, where other products suitable for this mode of conveyance are transported in order to continue the production process. Pipelines in tank farms, industrial pipelines for petroleum, natural gas, and mixed products on oil fields, and municipal pipeline networks for natural-gas distribution, water supply, and sewerage are also part of pipeline transportation.

Pipeline transportation is a progressive and economically advantageous mode of transportation. It is characterized by flexibility, the absence of freight losses in transit, complete mechanization and automation of labor-intensive loading and unloading operations, and recovery of packaging. As a consequence, transportation costs are lowered—for liquid goods, for example, the costs of pipeline transportation are one-third of those for railroad transport.

Further development of trunk pipelines is linked to an increase in pipe diameter and the pressure of natural gas or petroleum conveyed through the pipeline and to the provision of compressor units for higher pressures. The transport of liquefied natural gas is another possible way of reducing transportation costs.

REFERENCES

Popov, S. S. Transport nefti, nefteproduktov i gaza, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1960.
Smoldyrev, A. E. Gidro - i pnevmotransport, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1975.

N. I. SHINKAREV

References in periodicals archive ?
Pipeline transportation will surge 17.1 percent in tonnage and 8.6 percent in revenue over the next decade, according to the ATA report, which was released on August 21.
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 21, 2019-: Pipeline Transportation Service Market to Eyewitness Massive Growth by key players ABB, Alstom, FMC Technologies
Pipeline transportation amounted to 777.3 million tons, railway transport - 900.5 million tons, road transport - 4 billion 124.2 million tons, air transport - 562.8 million tons, water transport - 44,459.5 million tons.
The acquired assets include a FERC-regulated crude oil gathering and pipeline transportation system consisting of a 47-mile pipeline and related facilities with the ability to transport crude oil to the Tesoro High Plains Pipeline and the Energy Transfer Dakota Access Pipeline.
Under the sale agreement, Caliber's acquired assets include a FERC-regulated crude oil gathering and pipeline transportation system consisting of a 47-mile pipeline and related facilities with the ability to transport crude oil to the Tesoro High Plains Pipeline and the Energy Transfer Dakota Access Pipeline.
The NWC was prepared with the objective of establishing a uniform contractual framework for the third: party access arrangements in the country and the use of gas pipeline transportation systems so as to promote the development of a competitive gas market; ensure fair, transparent and non: discriminatory practices in all transactions concerning the use of the gas pipeline transportation systems; prevent abuse of dominance and any anti: competitive conduct; and ensure the safe and reliable supply of gas, and integrity of the gas pipeline transportation system.
In a statement, Ogra said the network code submitted by the Sui companies had been approved in pursuance of Rule 11 of Ogra Gas (Third Party Access) Rules 2018 with the objective of establishing a uniform contractual (operational) framework for third party access arrangements and the use of gas pipeline transportation systems.
Tulsa-based Getka was formed this year to provide storage, blending and terminal services, and pipeline transportation. Getka expects to focus early efforts on multiple basins and market hubs throughout the Midcontinent, including the market center at Cushing.
As a result, the high-mud content in SUT, the high viscosity of CPB, and its poor fluidity lead to its difficult pipeline transportation, restricting the application and promotion of CPB [3].
International Resource News-May 26, 2016--Citadel to acquire natural gas pipeline transportation capacity from WPX Energy
OCAC is a 16-member body representing downstream oil sector comprising five refineries, 10 oil marketing companies and one pipeline transportation firm.

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