Piperaceae


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Piperaceae

[‚pip·ə′rās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Piperales characterized by alternate leaves, a solitary ovule, copious perisperm, and scanty endosperm.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Piperaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants. The plants are erect or climbing shrubs, herbs, and, less often, small trees. The entire leaves are commonly alternate and fleshy. Small and unattractive flowers, which are usually bisexual, are frequently in dense spikes. The perianth is absent. There are one to ten stamens. The gynoecium has two to five carpels. The fruit is a berry or drupe. The Piperaceae have oil-secreting cells in the parenchymatous tissue. The family has more than 2,000 species, making up ten to 12 genera. The plants grow mainly in the tropics. The largest genera are Piper and Peperomia (approximately 600 species). Several species of Peperomia are grown as ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Las semillas y polen pertenecieron a 21 familias: Annonaceae, Araceae, Asteraceae, Bombacaceae, Bromeliaceae, Cactaceae, Cecropiaceae, Cyclanthaceae, Clusiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Flaucourtiaceae, Malvaceae, Marcgraviaceae, Melastomataceae, Moraceae, Piperaceae, Proteaceae, Rubiaceae, Solanaceae y Urticaceae; se siguio el sistema de clasificacion clasica de Cronquist (1981).
Determinacion de la composicion quimica y actividad antioxidante in vitro del aceite esencial de Piper auritum Kunth (piperaceae) difundida en la costa colombiana.
(Piperaceae): phytochemical, therapeutic, botanical, insecticidal and phytosanitary uses," Pharmacology Online, vol.
(2008) Flavonoides aislados de las inflorescencias de Piper hispidum Kunth (Piperaceae) y derivados acetilados.
Gonodonta larvae feed on plant leaves, mainly Annonaceae and Piperaceae, and adults on citrus fruits such as tangerine, grapefruit and mainly orange, as well as on tropical species such as sugar apple (TODD, 1959).
(2) Piper betle (Piperaceae) leaves which are traditionally used in India and China in the prevention of oral malodor was examined by bioassay-guided fractionation to yield allyl pyro catechol (APC) as the major active principle which showed promising activity against obligate oral anaerobes responsible for halitosis.
(Piperaceae) is a shrub that spans a height of 2-7 m, distributed from Mexico to the south of Brazil.
The most representative families were Asteraceae (30 species); Lamiaceae (14 species), Arecaceae (9 species), Solanaceae and Geraniaceae (8 species each), Amaryllidaceae and Brassicaceae (7 species each), and Piperaceae, Lycopodiaceae, and Ericaceae (6 species each).