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John. 1903--92, British artist. An official war artist in World War II, he is known esp for his watercolours of bombed churches and his stained glass in Coventry Cathedral



(pepper), a genus of plants of the family Piperaceae. The plants are lianas, rarely small trees and herbs. The flowers are small, mostly unisexual, and in spicate inflorescences. There are approximately 700 species (according to other data, approximately 2,000), distributed in the tropics of both hemispheres, primarily in tropical America and the monsoonal areas of East Asia. The pepper (Piper nigrum), a woody liana, is the most important species. It grows in India and Southeast Asia and is cultivated in tropical areas. Its immature dried fruits yield black pepper; another spice, white pepper, is obtained by separating the pericarp from the mature fruits. The betel (P. betle) is used to make a stimulant masticatory. Many species, including kava (P. methysticum), cubeb (P. cubeba), and long pepper (P. Iongum), yield spices, aromatics, stimulants, or medicinal substances.

Several species of plants from different families are also commonly known as peppers, for example, Capsicum longum and Polygonum hydropiper. The fruits of P. nigrum and C. longum, which are used as condiments, are called pepper.


Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
Macmillan, H. F. Tropical Planting and Gardening, 5th ed. London, 1943.
Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of Economic Plants, 2nd ed. Weinheim, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: Microwave oven exposed mice pellets suppressed spermatogenesis and Mentha piperita had better ameliorative effects than melatonin on the testis of mice.
piperita were tested for their antibacterial activity against three highly resistant and good biofilm forming bacteria both in planktonic and biofilm mode.
Evaluation of Mentha piperita essential oil and its major constituents for antifungal activity in Candida spp.
piperita have strong larvicide potential and could be very effective against the larvae of Ae.
I don't know that if I had read the study "Cinnamon Polyphenol Extract Affects Immune Responses by Regulating Anti--and Proinflammatory and Glucose Transporter Gene Expression in Mouse Macrophages," I would've had a little more faith in its combination for the immune-modulating properties and pain-relief capacity of my blend of wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens), helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), and Mentha piperita.
Matrix also offers relief for nasal congestion with Zicam Extreme Congestion, and Zicam Intense Sinus nasal sprays, as well as Zicam Naturals Cough Syrup, a tasty yet highly effective homeopathic cough suppressant that contains mentha piperita instead of than dextromethorphan.
In this study, the repellency of Mentha piperita against Dermacentor variabilis was studied using an in vitro assay.
ovalifolia, Mentha piperita y Ocimum basilicum contra aislados clinicos de Trichophyton rubrum, mentagrophytes y Microsporum canis (Bozin et al.
Mentha piperita is cultivated on large scale, especially in Mediterranean, tropics and subtropics (Sima, 2012).