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pipit,

common name for a group of chiefly Eurasian and African birds that together with the wagtails constitute a subfamily of songbirds related to the Old World warblers and thrushes. Pipits are trim, slender birds with thin, pointed bills. They are chiefly terrestrial and walk or run rapidly, catching insects on or near the ground. The pipit's plumage is streaked and mottled brown; the wagtail's is more boldly patterned. Pipits resemble larks and are sometimes called field larks, or titlarks. The few American species include the water, or rock, pipit, Anthus spinoletta, which breeds in the Arctic and winters in the E United States, and the Sprague's pipit of the Great Plains, noted for the spectacular courtship flight and song of the male. The African longclaw has elongated hind toes suited to running over the veldt. The wagtails, members of the same family, are named for their habit of bobbing their tails, and are usually found near water in temperate Eurasia and Africa; the only New World species is the yellow wagtail of the northern tundra. Pipits and wagtails are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Motacillidae.
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pipit

any of various songbirds of the genus Anthus and related genera, having brownish speckled plumage and a long tail: family Motacillidae
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Meadow pipits are generally successful breeders because they can raise their young in all kinds of habitat from moorland to saltmarshes.
No clear relation between the abundance or departure of skylarks and meadow pipits with air temperature or precipitation was found in the low lying farmland of Thessaloniki.
Prairies that had not been burned for long periods did not attract Baird's, Grasshopper, or Le Conte's sparrows, Bobolinks, Sprague's Pipits, or Western Meadowlarks.
| Picture: Elfyn Lewis | Porthmadog's Rock Pipit A ROCK Pipit seen at Porthmadog Cob at the weekend bore a colourring that was traced back to Maletangen, near Trondheim, on Norway's coast, where it was ringed just nine weeks ago.
Water pipits do not breed in Britain but we receive around 100 visits every winter.
Closer to home, find of the week was on the Great Orme, where a Richard's pipit was spotted by its call, and mobbed by smaller meadow pipits.
But Warwickshire Wildlife Trust said grassland which was a haven for skylarks and meadow pipits would be lost for ever.
The eggs, which were found at an address in the city on October 15, included those of kingfishers, little-ringed plovers, tree pipits and hawfinches.
Dunlins declined in 59% of the South Pennines sites surveyed, meadow pipits in 29%, wheatears in 46%; twites in 80% and ring ouzels in 64%
ROCK Pipits have settled into their winter territories on the coast.
Heathland is a crucial habitat for red grouse, curlews, stonechats, windchats, meadow pipits and skylarks.