Pipridae


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Pipridae

[′pip·rə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The manakins, a family of colorful, neotropical suboscine birds in the order Passeriformes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pipridae

 

(manakins), a family of birds of the order Passeriformes. The body length measures 8.5-16 cm, and the weight 9-34 g. The wings and tail are short. The plumage of the males is black with yellow, red, white, and, more rarely, blue; the plumage of the females is greenish.

The family comprises 61 species, which are distributed in the tropical forests of Central and South America. In courting, the males utter mating calls singly, in pairs, or in groups of five to ten (sometimes up to 70) individuals on ground clearings or on branches. Only the females build nests, incubate the eggs (two per clutch), and feed the young. The Pipridae feed on berries, small fruits, and insects.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Taxon Diet FD Sen Pipridae Antilophia galeata F D M Turdidae Turdus leucomelas O SD L Thraupidae Saltator similis O SD L Lanio penicillatus O D L Tersina viridis O D L Dacnis cayana O SD L Emberezidae Arremon flavirostris O D M Handling behavior Visit Taxon (n of fruit eaten) rate DP Pipridae Antilophia galeata SW (48), SM (16) 0.78 0.4788 Turdidae Turdus leucomelas SW (2) 0.03 0.0145 Thraupidae Saltator similis SM (27) 0.39 Lanio penicillatus SW (6), B (20) 0.22 0.0593 Tersina viridis B (1) 0.01 - Dacnis cayana SW (15), B (9) 0.35 0.1213 Emberezidae Arremon flavirostris SW (3), B (7) 0.07 0.0114
Phylogenetic analysis of the evolution of display behaviour in the neotropical manakins (Aves: Pipridae).
& NASSIF, S., 2002.- Sex identification of pin-tailed manakins (Ilicura militaris: Pipridae) using the polymerase chain reaction and its application to behavioral studies.
Other species, such as thrushes (Turdinae) and manakins (Pipridae), usually regurgitate the largest seeds they ingest (Levey 1987, Murray et al.
atricapilla during autumn-winter at my study site (see also Jordano and Herrera 1981, Jordano 1988, Stoate and Moreby 1995) equals or exceeds that reported for some "specialized" (sensu Snow 1981) frugivorous birds for which quantitative data on diet composition have been published (e.g., species of Bombycillidae, Pipridae, and Trogonidae; Marini 1992, Remsen et al.
1988), newt (Triturus) behavior and isozymes (Arntzen and Sparreboom 1989), and manakin (Pipridae) behavior and syringeal morphology (Prum 1990).
We documented window-kills in endemic Neotropical families, including guans (Cracidae), toucans (Ramphastidae), motmots (Momotidae), and manakins (Pipridae).
Thamnophilidae 02/03 66.6 4,5 Taraba major Thamnophilus pelzeni 03/05 60 1,3 Tyrannidae 02/24 8.3 1,5 Leptopogon amaurocephalus Myiarchus tyrannulus 01/04 25 1 Tolmomyias sulphurescens 03/09 33.3 1 Pipridae 01/15 6.7 6 Antilophia galeata Turdidae 04/29 13.8 1 Turdus leucomelas Thraupidae 02/04 50 3 Saltator maximus Saltator similis 01/04 25 1 Lanio penicillata 02/28 7.2 1,5 Lanio cucullatus 01/04 25 2 Emberizidae 01/04 25 2 Arremon flavirostris Parulidae 01/26 3.8 1 Basileuterus flaveolus Basileuterus hypoleucus 05/51 9.8 1 Icteridae 02/07 28.6 3,0 Cacicus haemorrhous Bird family/ Species Species Tick no L N Thamnophilidae A.
ONI (1,2) 4 (8.51) 30 (5.37) * (I,II,III,VI) PIPRIDAE Antilophia galeata FRU (1,3) 2 (4.26) 6 (1.07) (Lichtenstein) * (IV) THRAUPIDAE Saltator similis ONI (1,5) 1 (2.13) (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye) Schistochlamys FRU (8) 2 (4.26) melanopis (Latham) * (V) Tachyphonus rufus ONI (1,5,6) 4 (8.51) (Boddaert) * (III) Tangara cayana ONI (1,4,6,7) 28 (59.57) (Linnaeus) * (VI,VII) Dacnis cayana ONI (1,4,6,7) 6 (12.77) 31 (5.55) (Linnaeus) * (VI,VIII) Total 47 (100) 67 (11.99) Family/species Fruit consumption "Mandibulator" n (%) Not identified n (%) Swallows Despises TYRANNIDAE Elaeniaa spp.
Diet data included in this study are from 1985 through 1993 (December-April) for six species of understory frugivorous birds: Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, Tyrannidae), Pipra mentalis (Red-capped Manakin) and Corapipo leucorrhoa (White-ruffed Manakin, Pipridae), Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thursh, Muscicapidae: Turdinae), and Chlorothraupis carmioli (Olive Tanager) and Euphonia gouldi (Olive-backed Euphonia, Emberizidae: Thraupinae) (hereafter referred to by genus).