Pir Panjal

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pir Panjal

 

a mountain range in the western Himalayas, in northwestern India, with spurs in Pakistan. It extends from northwest to southeast for 450 km, from the Kishanganga River to the Beas River. The maximum height is 6,028 m. The Pir Panjal is composed of limestone, andesite, and basalt. Its slopes are steep and strongly dissected by canyons, and its crests are sharply indented. There are numerous glacial lakes and corrie glaciers. Dense, mainly coniferous, forests predominate. The Vale of Kashmir separates the mountain range from the Greater Himalayas.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Murree, the mountain resort town ,located in the galyat region of the Pir Panjal range is about thirty kilometers northeast of Islamabad.
The 8.8 km tunnel is being built in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway.
Since these climbed in the shadow of the Pir Panjal range, the PAF AWAC failed to detect them.
ISLAMABAD: In Indian Occupied Kashmir, complete shutdown was observed in Kulgam district and in Mandi town of Pir Panjal area against the killings and in defense of Article 35A of the Indian constitution.
ISLAMABAD -- In Occupied Kashmir, complete shutdown is being observed in Kulgam district and Mandi town of Pir Panjal area against the killings of three youth, including Rakib Ahmed Sheikh and Gulzar Ahmed Butt by Indian troops during cordon and search operation in Turigam area of the district, on Sunday.
Shops and other commercial establishments remained closed in Kulgam district and Mandi town of Pir Panjal area, after the Indian Supreme Court agreed to hear petitions challenging the constitutional validity of Article 35-A amid rumours that the Indian government was considering putting an end to special privileges enjoyed by the Jammu and Kashmir state.
Meanwhile, the apathetic behavior of the authorities towards people of the territory can be gauged from what hundreds of helpless travelers including kids and women had to bear by spending the entire night in the open at minus 7 degrees Celsius with their vehicles stranded on the high-altitude Pir Panjal mountain range on the Srinagar-Jammu Highway.
This reminded me of snow fall of January, 1982 while I was in service at Bedori Top, a peak of Pir Panjal Range at the height of 12,330 ft above the sea level, albeit the enjoyment style was different; no Cell phones or having near dear ones around or any kind of fast food arrangement.
The areas identified are Kotli Sattian (Rawalpindi District) which is located at a distance of about 38 km from Murree and is situated near the Bank of River Jhelum and is part of the Pir Panjal range.
The assurance came after the Indian DGMO Lt Gen Anil Chauhan "emphatically stated that infiltration attempts by terrorists were a major cause of concern and informed the Pakistan (counterpart) that these activities have increased in the areas north of Pir Panjal mountain ranges." "Pakistan must institute measures to prevent infiltration from the launch pads located on its side of the LoC," the army statement said.
" We have taken steps to redeploy the troops from the south of Pir Panjal ranges to the north side to cut down on the infiltration expected to be attempted in next few days," the source added.