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Greece: see PiraiévsPiraiévs
or Piraeus
, city (1991 pop. 182,671), E central Greece, in Attica, on the Saronic Gulf; part of Greater Athens. It is the port of Athens and the chief port in Greece.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Greece, located on the northeastern coast of the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea. Population, 187,400 (1971). Piraeus belongs to the nome of Attica and is part of Greater Athens. It is a junction of two principal railroads: the Piraeus-Athens-Salonika line and the Piraeus-Athens-Corinth line. The city is Greece’s largest port, handling about 50 percent of the foreign trade cargoes. Piraeus is an industrial center. It has machine-building, chemical, cement, glass, paper, tobacco, textile, and food-processing industries. There are enterprises for the production of aluminum and ceramic goods, building materials, carpets, and rope. Piraeus also has shipbuilding and ship-repair facilities, as well as a heat and electric power plant.

The first settlements on the site of Piraeus appeared in early antiquity. Beginning in the fifth century B.C., it was a commercial and military port and a defensive point for ancient Athens. In 86 B.C., Piraeus was destroyed by the Roman commander Sulla. During the Turkish domination of Greece (15th through 19th centuries), even the name “Piraeus” was no longer used. After Greece won its independence in 1830, Piraeus deyeloped further as a port and industrial center. During World War II, Piraeus was severely damaged by the fascist German occupation forces. The city has been one of the centers of Greece’s democratic movement. The First Congress of the Communist Party of Greece was held in Piraeus in November 1918.

After 446 B.C., Piraeus was reconstructed on a rectangular plan by the architect Hippodamus. It was connected by the “long walls” with the city fortifications of Athens. Present-day Piraeus was built according to a plan by the German architect E. Schaubert (1835), who restored the ancient street plan.

Intensive industrial and housing construction has been carried out, as a result of which Piraeus has merged with Athens. Piraeus has a museum of ancient sculpture.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Peiraeus
a port in SE Greece, adjoining Athens: the country's chief port; founded in the 5th century bc as the port of Athens. Pop.: 169 622 (1991)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Throughout its open e-auctions, Piraeus Bank offers financing to interested buyers.
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In his speech, the Metropolitan of Piraeus, Seraphim, thanked "the four supporters and companions in this great charity work of Holy Metropolis of Piraeus".
Delivered 380 CST bunker prices at the ports of Malta, Piraeus, and Istanbul were indicated as high as $492/mt, $488/mt, and $520/mt respectively Tuesday morning, up $8/mt, $6/mt, and $12/mt compared with Monday's assessment levels.
Piraeus Bank Cyprus was acquired last December by a group of international investors led by the Lebanese banker and former Energy Minister Maurice Sehnaoui, while Greece's Piraeus Bank Group remains with a minority stake of 17.6%.
The National Bank of Kuwait (NBK)- Egypt, which has recently acquired Piraeus Bank, targets increasing its capital to EGP 1bn in 2016, according to NBK's Executive Director, Michelle Al-Akkad.
Summary: Entities like Piraeus Bank can no longer get by through freewheeling lending acts
In a statement to the Kuwait Stock Exchange, Al-Ahli Bank of Kuwait (ABK) reports that the Central Bank of Kuwait has approved the bank's proposed acquisition o f a 98.5 per cent stake in Piraeus Bank Egypt.
3 June 2015 - Chinese IT services company Beyondsoft's (Shenzhen:002649) Beyondsoft Consulting North America unit has entered into an agreement to acquire management consulting and business intelligence firm US-based Piraeus Consulting for up to USD 7.5m, the company said.
Piraeus, Greece- The shipping containers emblazoned with the COSCO logo on the quayside at Greece's biggest port Piraeus are a sign that China has invested heavily here.
Cruise passenger numbers at Greece's Piraeus port reached a new record in August, as the Piraeus Port Authority (OLP) announced on Tuesday that transit passengers at the country's main port soared by 43.22% from 230,096 in August 2012 to 329,540 last month, the highest number in the last six years, as daily Kathimerini reports.