in music, an old Russian name for wind instruments, most commonly those with a high pitch (sopel,’ svirel’, surna).

References in periodicals archive ?
In the 1480s and in the early 16th century, Muscovy also used arquebusiers (pishchal'niki).
(46) On pishchal'niki and the evolution of pishchal', see Hellie, Enserfment, 153, 160; and Esper, "Military Self-Sufficiency."
The first evidence of Muscovite arquebusers (pishchal 'niki) is from the Military Register of 1508.