Pistacia


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Related to Pistacia: Pistacia lentiscus

Pistacia

 

a genus of nut-bearing shrubs and trees of the family Anacardiaceae. The leaves are usually deciduous, but occasionally evergreen, ternate, or pinnate. The flowers are unisexual, and they grow in axillary panicles. The plant is dioecious, and the fruit is a drupe.

The genus embraces approximately 20 species, which are native to Syria and Asia Minor. The USSR has two wild species, which grow in the Uzbek SSR, the Tadzhik SSR, and the Azerbaijan SSR; these are the common pistachio (P. vera) and the Turk terebinth (P. mutica). Four introduced species also grow in the USSR: the mastic tree (P. lentiscus), P. terebinthus, P. atlantica, and the Chinese pistachio (P. chinensis). Trees of the genus are most widely cultivated in Italy, Spain, Greece, and the USA. In the USSR they are grown in Middle Asia, Transcaucasia, and the Crimea.

The most common species of Pistacia is the common pistachio. The plant is usually a deciduous tree with numerous trunks that measures 5–10 m in height; it sometimes grows as a shrub with a dense crown. The leaves are odd-pinnate and leathery. The plant blossoms in April. The monospermous fruits (pistachio nuts) measure 1–2 cm in length and 0.5 cm in width; the kernel, which constitutes 47–49 percent of the nut, contains 54–60 percent fat, 18–25 percent protein, and as much as 16.7 percent nonnitrogenous extractive matter. The kernel is eaten fresh or roasted and is used in the confectionery industry. Vegetable oil is also extracted from the nuts. Wood from the pistachio tree is valued in the joining industry, and high-quality resins are obtained by tapping the trees. Galls on the leaves contain tannins (30–40 percent) and dye substances.

The common pistachio is drought-resistant and can tolerate temperatures as low as – 25°C. The plants reproduce by means of seeds, layers, or suckers and are commonly grafted. Grafted plants begin to bear fruit in the fourth or fifth year, and seed-grown plants in the ninth or tenth year. A grafted tree yields 30–45 kg of nuts annually after eight or ten years. The most popular varieties of pistachio include Kishlinskaia, Vakhshskaia, and Ekstra.

The Turk terebinth, a tree measuring 10–20 m in height, is found in Asia Minor, on the Balkan Peninsula, and in the USSR (the Crimea and the Caucasus). The tiny, inedible fruits contain up to 60 percent fat, from which industrial oil is obtained; the oil cake is fed to cattle. The resin is used to make turpentine and is employed in the paint and varnish industry.

REFERENCE

Kachalov, A. A. Derev’ia i kustarniki. Moscow, 1970.

V. A. KOLESNIKOV

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Keywords: Pistacia; Retrotransposon marker system; Characterization; iPBS; IRAP; REMAP
Antioxidant properties of Pistacia atlantica might be an alternative medicine or beneficial food for the prevention or treatment of IBD patients.
The common limestone species, such as Pistacia weinmannifolia and Pistacia chinensis (Anacardiaceae), Olea yunnanensis (Oleaceae), and Toxicodendron griffithii (Anacardiaceae), as well as Ulmaceae species, Carpinus mobeigiana and Ceitis tetrandra, are frequently present in the SWEB on limestone section.
(46) Israel Pistacia vera (31.5%), Pistacia atlantic (29.9%), Pistacia lentiscus (30.3%), Pistacia Plastina (24.6%) Geller-Bernstein Israel Olea europaea (40% et al.
According to the results of an experimental study of the consumption of Pistacia vera L.
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The BOI Extension Office announced through a news release on Monday that it recently approved the P1-million coffee-growing venture of Pistacia Mindanao Coffee Export Inc.
(2016) observed that Pistacia lentiscus fruit oil accelerated wound contraction in C[O.sub.2] laser burned wound model [14].
This approach has been employed to develop several gender-linked molecular markers in dioecious plants, including Silene latifolia [19], Pistacia vera [20], Cannabis sativa [21], Humulus lupulus [22], Actinidia chinensis [23], Atriplex garrettii [24], Carica papaya [25], Salix viminalis [26], Rumex acetosa [27], Mercurialis annua [28], and Eucommia ulmoides [29].