terebinth

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terebinth

(tĕr`əbĭnth) or

turpentine tree,

small deciduous tree (Pistacia terebinthus) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), native to the Mediterranean region. It yielded probably the earliest-known form of turpentine, said to have been used in medicine by the ancient Greeks. The yield of the terebinth is now called Chian, Scio, or Cyprian turpentine. The terebinth is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Terebinth

 

(Pistacia terebinthus), a dioecious deciduous shrub or small tree of the family Anacardiaceae. The plant reaches 5 m in height and has odd-pinnate leaves with three to nine leaflets. The small unisexual flowers have a simple perianth of two to six bracts and are gathered in large panicles. The fruit is a drupe. The terebinth grows in the western Mediterranean Region, in arid light forests and on limestone mountain slopes. The tree is tapped for Chian turpentine, a resin that contains an essential oil closely related to turpentine oil. Turpentine oil itself is obtained from the seeds. Galls caused by aphids on the leaves and branches contain tannins, which are used in tanning leathers.

References in periodicals archive ?
i) Localizacion inicial: El desarrollo de esta parte del proceso paso en primer lugar por la delimitacion de la distribucion potencial de Pistacia terebinthus L.
con exposiciones mayoritariamente de solana en todas las masas, lo que representan las zonas mas calidas, acordes con el caracter termofilo y mediterraneo de Pistacia terebinthus.
El estado sanitario de las zonas de Pistacia terebinthus estudiadas, refleja en todas ellas presencia de agallas, malformaciones o plagas entorno a la mitad de los ejemplares de la masa.
El estudio de ejemplares particulares dentro de cada masa tiene como fin geo-referenciar las cornicabras con caracteristicas fenotipicas sobresalientes para utilizarlas como plantas madre y para fomentar su conservacion en posteriores estudios sobre Pistacia terebinthus.
It is a typical Mediterranean macchia plant community mainly composed of Quercus coccifera, Calicotome villosa, Cistus cretius, Phillyrea latifolia, Pistacia terebinthus ssp.
graecus, Pistacia terebinthus, Paliurus spina-christi and Phillyrea latifolia as well as those of Leuceana leucocephala, an introduced shrub species, were hand-harvested at three stages from the experimental area of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey.
DUBROVNIK-NERETVA COUNTY: Palje Brdo, 34TBN863085, 160 m, limestone, Pinus halepensis, Pistacia terebinthus, Arbutus unedo, Erica arborea, Cupressus sempervirens, 2-IV-2010, A.
REPUBLICA SRPSKA: Trebinje, surrounding the orthodox Monastery of Turdoss, 34TBN823322, 270 m, limestone, Quercus ilex, Pistacia terebinthus, Arbutus unedo, Erica arborea, Juniperus phoenicea, 1-IV-2010, A.
REPUBLICA SRPSKA: Trebinje, surrounding the orthodox Monastery of Turdos, 34TBN823322, 270 m, limestone, Quercus ilex, Pistacia terebinthus, Arbutus unedo, Erica arborea, Juniperus phoenicea, 1-IV-2010, A.
confusum P Pistacia terebinthus 2 1 1 T Orobanche hederae + + Characteristics of Pistacio-Rhamnetalia and Quercetea ilicis NP Asparagus acutifolius 1 1 1 2 P Rubia peregrina subsp.