The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in medieval Russia, individuals engaged in the transcription and compilation of manuscripts; in particular, scribes who copied manuscript books (knizhnye pistsy); also master icon painters and manuscript illuminators (ikonnye pistsy). In the 18th century the term pistsy became a designation for minor government officials.

Documents of the 13th through 15th centuries mention pistsy and opishchiki (surveyors), who inventoried land. From the end of the 15th to the beginning of the 18th century, the pistsy were official agents sent out to survey land and determine boundaries between holdings. They were responsible for drawing up pistsovye knigi, land surveys, censuses, and other registers and for adjudicating land disputes.


See references under .
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A 1566/67 (41) boundary charter (raz "ezzhaia gramo ta) between Ivan and his cousin, the appanage Prince Vladimir Andreevich Staritskii, noted that the boundaries between the oprichnina and Staritskii's appanage could not be delineated at present, because the oprichnina did not yet have any boundary surveyors (mezhevshchie or pistsy).
(96) Census takers (pistsy) collected information by summoning inquests of local informants, then taking down their testimony verbatim.