pea

(redirected from Pisum sativum)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

pea,

hardy, annual, climbing leguminous plant (Pisum sativum) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), grown for food by humans at least since the early Bronze Age; no longer known in the wild form. It is cultivated everywhere in home gardens and on a large scale commercially for freezing or canning. The round seed, borne in a pod, is a highly nutritious food, having a high protein and fiber content. The pod, too, of the varieties known as sugar peas, can be eaten, and the whole plant is grown for forage; the vines of garden varieties are also used for feeding stock. In New England many gardeners plant them on Apr. 19, the anniversary of the battle of Lexington—hoping to have their first peas by the Fourth of July, when according to traditional use they accompany salmon on the menu. Split peas are obtained from the field pea (var. arvense), grown also for forage and as a green manure. About three quarters of the total world crop of the field pea variety is grown in China; much is used for stock feed. It is believed that peas were long grown only for use as pea meal, dried peas, or forage. Using peas as a green table vegetable began in the late Middle Ages, and the garden varieties were developed subsequently. The garden pea is renowned as the plant with which Gregor Mendel conducted the experiments that initiated the science of genetics. The chickpeachickpea,
annual plant (Cicer arietinum) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), cultivated since antiquity for the somewhat pealike seeds, which are often used as food and forage, principally in India and the Spanish-speaking countries.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the sweet peasweet pea,
annual climbing plant (Lathyrus odoratus) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), a legume native to S Europe but, since its introduction to horticulture c.1700, widely cultivated for its fragrant flowers.
..... Click the link for more information.
 belong to different genera. Peas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

pea

[]
(botany)
Pisum sativum. The garden pea, an annual leafy leguminous vine cultivated for its smooth or wrinkled, round edible seeds which are borne in dehiscent pods.
Any of several related or similar cultivated plants.

pea

1. an annual climbing leguminous plant, Pisum sativum, with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds: cultivated in temperate regions
2. 
a. the seed of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
b. (as modifier): #5pea soup
3. any of several other leguminous plants, such as the sweet pea, chickpea, and cowpea
References in periodicals archive ?
Es posible evaluar la integridad acrosomal en espermatozoides epididimarios de alpaca usando las lectinas Arachys hypogaea (PNA) y Pisum sativum (PSA) conjugadas con isoticianato de fluoresceina (FITC) mediante un citometro de flujo con analizador de imagenes.
This research work includes batch scale removal of Amaranth dye from aqueous solution using Pisum sativum peels and Arachis hypogaea shells.
50g of Pisum sativum seeds were homogenized in distilled water (DW) and then centrifuged at 10,000 rpm for 30 min at 4 C.
Zea mays "maiz"; Rumex crispus "lengua de vaca"; Solanum tuberosum "papa"; Medicago sativa "alfalfa" Triticum aestivum "trigo"; Malva sylvestris "malva"; Pisum sativum "arveja"; Tagetes minuta "huacatay"; Rosa sp.
3 Efectos de Lupinus meridanus y Pisum sativum sobre la fertilidad del suelo
El confirmar el cambio progresivo y perenne de Nageli, y reivindicar a Unger frente a la tozudez de Fenzl, llevaron a Mendel a la conduccion de sus experimentos en Pisum sativum, la arveja de su jardin.
Stimulation of NADPH-dependent lipid peroxidation by 2,4-dichlorofenoxyacetic acid and diquatin microsomes isolated from Pisum sativum.
For example, Gregor Mendal [16], considered the father of classical genetics, spent seven years carefully observing thousands of genetic crossings of the 22 strains of Pisum sativum [17].
Igualmente estan en la Familia Simaroubaceae, las especies Azadirachta indica, Pisum sativum, Alstonia boonei, Morinda lucida entre otros (Zuany et al.
The scope of "Canned Garden Peas" says that "Canned garden peas are the product prepared from fresh or frozen, clean, sound whole immature seeds of the species Pisum sativum.
We are characterizing a suite of Pisum sativum mutants that alter inflorescence architecture to construct a model for the genetic regulation of inflorescence development in a plant with a compound raceme.