Pit House

Pit House

 

(semi-subterranean dwellings), a round or rectangular dwelling dug into the ground with a roof of poles or logs filled in with earth. The pit house, one of the most ancient and widespread types of weatherproof dwelling, has been known since the Upper Paleolithic. The interior usually had a hearth and plank beds along the walls. In Slavic lands, semipit houses (pit houses with a timber frame, most of which was above the ground) were used until the late Middle Ages (13th and 14th centuries). Among certain peoples of the USSR—the Komi and Udmurt—they were retained until the 17th or 18th centuries. Many workers in a number of indus-trial regions of prerevolutionary Russia (for example, the Donbas) lived in such dwellings. Subterranean dwellings existed in Transcaucasia. Semipit houses with campfire-hearths continued to exist among the Itel’men and Nivkhi until the 19th century, and the Koriaks, Kets, and Sel’kups retained them until the 20th century. The pit house still exists among North American Indians, for example, the Navaho, and among the Eskimo. Round pit houses with an entrance through the opening for the smoke were known in northern China as well.

References in periodicals archive ?
50 Felton Demesne, PS70 Thornley Pit House & Felton Demesne, PS69.
It was no utopia living in Wood End but we had no choice; when my dad left the pits we had to get out of a pit house, not like some who lived in a parish council house.
The historical Birchtown site includes a National Historic Site of Canada monument, the historic Saint Paul's Church, the old school house museum, a replica pit house, a walking trail and a park overlooking Shelburne Harbour.
Last summer, a handful of students enrolled as part of University of Northern British Columbia's Undergraduate Experiential Service Learning Program constructed a Dakelh-style pit house on traditional territory of the Lheidli T'enneh, in Forests for the World behind UNBC.
At the corner of Main Street and Highway 66 is the Brick Pit House and the best pulled pork ever attempted by a Harley Davidson mental case.
The next year, thousands more pieces of bone turned up in another pit house that showed signs of having had its roof removed.
It was Waugh's challenge to represent each Nation fairly, to capture the heart of what a longhouse and a pit house represented.
It seemed far too exotic for a semi- detached pit house.
You will also be treated to an evening of traditional singing, drumming and dancing around a campfire, before settling in for the authentic Aboriginal experience of sleeping in a tipi or pit house.
This abandonment pit house is in El Haddej, which was devastated by heavy floods in 1969.
A pit house, like those used by Cascade Indians at the time of the Lewis and Clark expedition, begins the exhibit on native peoples, explorers, missionaries, fur trappers, philosophers, and soldiers who depended on the gorge for everything from transportation to food.
Stephen Anthony Suddes, 52, of Thornley Pit House Farm, near Tow Law, County Durham,was fined by Darlington Magistrates after an illegal waste fire was seen on his land in May 2012.