Pit House

Pit House

 

(semi-subterranean dwellings), a round or rectangular dwelling dug into the ground with a roof of poles or logs filled in with earth. The pit house, one of the most ancient and widespread types of weatherproof dwelling, has been known since the Upper Paleolithic. The interior usually had a hearth and plank beds along the walls. In Slavic lands, semipit houses (pit houses with a timber frame, most of which was above the ground) were used until the late Middle Ages (13th and 14th centuries). Among certain peoples of the USSR—the Komi and Udmurt—they were retained until the 17th or 18th centuries. Many workers in a number of indus-trial regions of prerevolutionary Russia (for example, the Donbas) lived in such dwellings. Subterranean dwellings existed in Transcaucasia. Semipit houses with campfire-hearths continued to exist among the Itel’men and Nivkhi until the 19th century, and the Koriaks, Kets, and Sel’kups retained them until the 20th century. The pit house still exists among North American Indians, for example, the Navaho, and among the Eskimo. Round pit houses with an entrance through the opening for the smoke were known in northern China as well.

References in periodicals archive ?
A local businessman with a social conscience and deep roots, he changed the name of Sunderland's Londonderry pub to the Peacock because the mine-owning Londonderrys once evicted his great granny from a Durham pit house. Never forgive, never forget.
It was no utopia living in Wood End but we had no choice; when my dad left the pits we had to get out of a pit house, not like some who lived in a parish council house.
The city Bergkamen intends in partnership with the RAG Montan Immobilien GmbH, the former colliery site Haus Aden (pit house Aden 1, 2) to develop a new neighborhood with residential, commercial, industrial and leisure uses in the context of urban redevelopment measure.
The historical Birchtown site includes a National Historic Site of Canada monument, the historic Saint Paul's Church, the old school house museum, a replica pit house, a walking trail and a park overlooking Shelburne Harbour.
Last summer, a handful of students enrolled as part of University of Northern British Columbia's Undergraduate Experiential Service Learning Program constructed a Dakelh-style pit house on traditional territory of the Lheidli T'enneh, in Forests for the World behind UNBC.
At the corner of Main Street and Highway 66 is the Brick Pit House and the best pulled pork ever attempted by a Harley Davidson mental case.
Attackers appear to have dumped mutilated and burned body parts into a pit house at Sacred Ridge.
With a backdrop of spectacular mountain peaks and anchored by massive Douglas fir beams, the new Squamish Lil'wat Cultural Centre in Whistler, British Columbia, evokes the spirit of a Squamish longhouse and a Lil'wat istken (pit house).
My grandma had a pull-out cocktail cabinet containing coloured little glasses.It seemed far too exotic for a semi- detached pit house. Pristine examples by W G Evans and Son can fetch pounds 2,000.
You will also be treated to an evening of traditional singing, drumming and dancing around a campfire, before settling in for the authentic Aboriginal experience of sleeping in a tipi or pit house.
A pit house, like those used by Cascade Indians at the time of the Lewis and Clark expedition, begins the exhibit on native peoples, explorers, missionaries, fur trappers, philosophers, and soldiers who depended on the gorge for everything from transportation to food.