Pitcairn Island


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Pitcairn Island,

volcanic island (2005 est. pop. 45), 2.5 sq mi (6.5 sq km), South Pacific, SE of Tuamotu Archipelago. Adamstown is the capital and only settlement. The first British Pacific Islands possession (1838), the island is officially administered by a governor (the British High Commissioner to New Zealand) as part of the overseas territory of Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands (Pitcairn and three neighboring, uninhabited atolls). Under the 2010 constitution, executive and legislative powers reside with the governor, who must consult with the mayor and Island Council in making laws. Handicrafts, honey, and postage stamps along with tourism (developed in the 21st cent.) are the main source of income, and the remote island is dependent on British and European Union aid. Pitcairn has no port or natural harbor; goods must be ferried from ships anchored offshore. In 2016 some 320,000 sq mi (830,000 sq km) of waters surrounding Pitcairn and its neighboring atolls were designated a marine reserve.

The island was named in 1767 by Capt. Philip Carteret, a British naval officer, after Robert Pitcairn, the midshipman who first sighted it. It was colonized in 1790 by mutineers from the BountyBounty,
British naval vessel, a 220-ton (200-metric-ton), 85-ft (26-m) cutter, commanded by William Bligh. She set sail for the Pacific in Dec., 1787, to transport breadfruit trees from the Society Islands to the West Indies. On Apr.
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 and Tahitian women, who discovered vestiges of previous Polynesian settlement. Their descendants, who speak an English dialect and are Seventh-day Adventists, still inhabit the island. In 1856 overpopulation caused the removal of the inhabitants, at their request, to Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island
, island (2005 est. pop. 1,800), 13 sq mi (34 sq km), South Pacific, a territory of Australia, c.1,035 mi (1,670 km) NE of Sydney. Its capital is Kingston.
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, but some soon returned to Pitcairn. In 1957 the remains of the Bounty were discovered off the southern end of the island.

Pitcairn Island

an island in the S Pacific: forms with the islands of Ducie, Henderson and Oeno (all uninhabited) a UK Overseas Territory; Pitcairn itself was uninhabited until the landing in 1790 of the mutineers of H.M.S. Bounty and their Tahitian companions. Pop.: 47 (2004 est.). Area: 4.6 sq. km (1.75 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to looking at music on Norfolk Island that is influenced by outside music, Hayward also speaks of how the island's language and heritage is found in song; it is done through a context of musicians identifying with being a descendant of settlers of Pitcairn Island.
Dea Birkett is author of Serpent In Paradise, a book about her time on Pitcairn Island.
95 [pounds sterling]) by Sir John Barrow (1764-1848) gives an account of the way in which the famous mutiny left the HMS Bounty stranded in the Pacific Ocean and shows how Lieutenant William Bligh navigated his men to safety on Pitcairn Island, using only a sextant and pocket watch.
I arrived in England not long after the Union Jack was hauled down in Hong Kong, with the empire now reduced from the 400 million inhabiting a third of the planet in 1897 to some 172,200 souls today, in tiny dependencies like Pitcairn Island (population 52), offshore havens like the Caymans and the Turks and Caicos Islands (rife with corruption and drug running) and Gibraltar.
It was taken ashore by crewman John Adams - the sole surviving mutineer found on Pitcairn Island in 1809.
One footnote: all of the residents of tiny Pitcairn Island of Mutiny on the Bounty fame belong to the Seventh-day Adventist Church.
The mutineers originally settled on tiny Pitcairn Island, located southeast of Tahiti, where 67 descendents live today.
Only 132 guests will be escorted in unsurpassed luxury to explore the unspoiled beauty of the South Pacific: the azure lagoons of famed Bora Bora, the rugged terrain of the Marquesas Islands, the remote Austral Islands, the atolls of the Tuamotu Archipelago, the enigmatic Easter Island, and historic Pitcairn Island.
The Archives holds many documents written in iron gall ink, including the Pitcairn Island Register, 1853-1881, which is currently undergoing intensive conservation treatment in our Preservation lab in Canberra.
Victims of child sex abuse on Pitcairn Island will be able to apply for compensation, the Foreign Office said yesterday.
PITCAIRN Island has picked the sister of convicted rapist Steve Christian to be the first woman mayor in its 214-year history.
Judgment day has arrived for the seven Pitcairn Island men charged with numerous child sex offences.