Pitcairn Island

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Pitcairn Island,

volcanic island (2005 est. pop. 45), 2.5 sq mi (6.5 sq km), South Pacific, SE of Tuamotu Archipelago. Adamstown is the capital and only settlement. The first British Pacific Islands possession (1838), the island is officially administered by a governor (the British High Commissioner to New Zealand) as part of the overseas territory of Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands (Pitcairn and three neighboring, uninhabited atolls). Under the 2010 constitution, executive and legislative powers reside with the governor, who must consult with the mayor and Island Council in making laws. Handicrafts, honey, and postage stamps along with tourism (developed in the 21st cent.) are the main source of income, and the remote island is dependent on British and European Union aid. Pitcairn has no port or natural harbor; goods must be ferried from ships anchored offshore. In 2016 some 320,000 sq mi (830,000 sq km) of waters surrounding Pitcairn and its neighboring atolls were designated a marine reserve.

The island was named in 1767 by Capt. Philip Carteret, a British naval officer, after Robert Pitcairn, the midshipman who first sighted it. It was colonized in 1790 by mutineers from the BountyBounty,
British naval vessel, a 220-ton (200-metric-ton), 85-ft (26-m) cutter, commanded by William Bligh. She set sail for the Pacific in Dec., 1787, to transport breadfruit trees from the Society Islands to the West Indies. On Apr.
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 and Tahitian women, who discovered vestiges of previous Polynesian settlement. Their descendants, who speak an English dialect and are Seventh-day Adventists, still inhabit the island. In 1856 overpopulation caused the removal of the inhabitants, at their request, to Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island
, island (2016 pop. 1,748), 13 sq mi (34 sq km), South Pacific, a territory of Australia, c.1,035 mi (1,670 km) NE of Sydney. Its capital is Kingston. Now a resort, Norfolk has luxuriant vegetation and is known for its "pine" trees, which are not true pines but
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, but some soon returned to Pitcairn. In 1957 the remains of the Bounty were discovered off the southern end of the island.

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Pitcairn Island

an island in the S Pacific: forms with the islands of Ducie, Henderson and Oeno (all uninhabited) a UK Overseas Territory; Pitcairn itself was uninhabited until the landing in 1790 of the mutineers of H.M.S. Bounty and their Tahitian companions. Pop.: 47 (2004 est.). Area: 4.6 sq. km (1.75 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to looking at music on Norfolk Island that is influenced by outside music, Hayward also speaks of how the island's language and heritage is found in song; it is done through a context of musicians identifying with being a descendant of settlers of Pitcairn Island. Hayward not only includes songs from the last century, but also provides readers with the stories of people who only recently began to compose music on the island, such as George "Toofie" Christian and Kath King.
A highlight is a visit to Pitcairn Island, where Fletcher Christian brought the HMS Bounty following a mutiny against Captain Bligh.
The author tightly packs this existentialist novel squeezing in foreshadowing references to the historic tale of Bounty mutineers who died on Pitcairn Island.
Christian had neither radar nor GPS and only partially knew the location of Pitcairn Island. The island's discoverer, Captain Carteret, had made a mistake of two degrees of longitude, or 120 nautical miles.
The author is a descendant of Pitcairn Island's pastor George Hunn Nobbs, has been a lecturer at Macquarie University and is now dean of the Sydney College of Divinity.
When food was required for West Indian slaves, breadfruit trees were brought directly from Polynesia; when the mariners on board the ship mutinied, they were deposited on Pitcairn Island. All of this happened hundreds of miles away from London, and yet William Bligh was operating on orders from home, largely Banks's, whose strings really did extend that far.
Pitcairn Island lays claim to a secret space satellite program featured on a July 7, 2000 souvenir sheet.
PITCAIRN Island, famous as the refuge of the mutineers of the Bounty, is at the centre of shocking claims of child sex abuse - said to have been an accepted part of island life for more than 200 years.
The Real Story of the HMS Bounty (Cooper Square Press, 12.95 [pounds sterling]) by Sir John Barrow (1764-1848) gives an account of the way in which the famous mutiny left the HMS Bounty stranded in the Pacific Ocean and shows how Lieutenant William Bligh navigated his men to safety on Pitcairn Island, using only a sextant and pocket watch.
I arrived in England not long after the Union Jack was hauled down in Hong Kong, with the empire now reduced from the 400 million inhabiting a third of the planet in 1897 to some 172,200 souls today, in tiny dependencies like Pitcairn Island (population 52), offshore havens like the Caymans and the Turks and Caicos Islands (rife with corruption and drug running) and Gibraltar.
It was taken ashore by crewman John Adams - the sole surviving mutineer found on Pitcairn Island in 1809.