Pitcairn Island

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Pitcairn Island,

volcanic island (2005 est. pop. 45), 2.5 sq mi (6.5 sq km), South Pacific, SE of Tuamotu Archipelago. Adamstown is the capital and only settlement. The first British Pacific Islands possession (1838), the island is officially administered by a governor (the British High Commissioner to New Zealand) as part of the overseas territory of Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands (Pitcairn and three neighboring, uninhabited atolls). Under the 2010 constitution, executive and legislative powers reside with the governor, who must consult with the mayor and Island Council in making laws. Handicrafts, honey, and postage stamps along with tourism (developed in the 21st cent.) are the main source of income, and the remote island is dependent on British and European Union aid. Pitcairn has no port or natural harbor; goods must be ferried from ships anchored offshore. In 2016 some 320,000 sq mi (830,000 sq km) of waters surrounding Pitcairn and its neighboring atolls were designated a marine reserve.

The island was named in 1767 by Capt. Philip Carteret, a British naval officer, after Robert Pitcairn, the midshipman who first sighted it. It was colonized in 1790 by mutineers from the BountyBounty,
British naval vessel, a 220-ton (200-metric-ton), 85-ft (26-m) cutter, commanded by William Bligh. She set sail for the Pacific in Dec., 1787, to transport breadfruit trees from the Society Islands to the West Indies. On Apr.
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 and Tahitian women, who discovered vestiges of previous Polynesian settlement. Their descendants, who speak an English dialect and are Seventh-day Adventists, still inhabit the island. In 1856 overpopulation caused the removal of the inhabitants, at their request, to Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island
, island (2016 pop. 1,748), 13 sq mi (34 sq km), South Pacific, a territory of Australia, c.1,035 mi (1,670 km) NE of Sydney. Its capital is Kingston. Now a resort, Norfolk has luxuriant vegetation and is known for its "pine" trees, which are not true pines but
..... Click the link for more information.
, but some soon returned to Pitcairn. In 1957 the remains of the Bounty were discovered off the southern end of the island.

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Pitcairn Island

an island in the S Pacific: forms with the islands of Ducie, Henderson and Oeno (all uninhabited) a UK Overseas Territory; Pitcairn itself was uninhabited until the landing in 1790 of the mutineers of H.M.S. Bounty and their Tahitian companions. Pop.: 47 (2004 est.). Area: 4.6 sq. km (1.75 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Apart from establishing a discussion of the expressive culture of Norfolk and Pitcairn Islands, Hayward also tells of how both islands were settled.
Herbert Ford, director of the Pitcairn Islands Study Centre at Pacific Union College in California, where the pigtails are displayed, said the potential proof was "extremely exciting" and would be "solid evidence" of the men having been on Pitcairn.
-THE Pitcairn Islands case was tried under English law.
The level of plastic pollution at uninhabited Henderson Island, part of the UK's Pitcairn Islands territory, is worse than anywhere else in the world.
1789: The crew of the HMS Bounty, led by Fletcher Christian, mutinied in the Friendly Islands (now called Tonga) in the South Pacific, sailing for the Pitcairn Islands.
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LAWYERS defending seven Pitcairn Islands men against a string of child sex charges have been granted the right to challenge the trial process before the UK appeals courts.
The Pitcairn Islands are a group of five rocky volcanic outcrops, only the largest of which is inhabited.
PITCAIRN ISLANDS: Last outpost in Pacific was colonised by rebels from HMS Bounty.
1789: The crew of the HMS Bounty, led by Fletcher Christian, mutinied in the Friendly Islands in the South Seas, sailing for the Pitcairn Islands. 1923: The first English FA Cup Final at Wembley Stadium was staged.