pitcher plant

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pitcher plant,

any of several insectivorous plants with leaves adapted for trapping insects. Each leaf forms a "pitcher," a somewhat trumpet-shaped enclosure, usually containing a liquid. An insect that enters, lured by nectar and sometimes by brilliant coloration, is prevented from retreating by deflexed bristles and ultimately is drowned in the fluid. The trapped insects are apparently digested by plant enzymes and perhaps by bacteria present in the collected rainwater solution. There are three families of pitcher plants. The American family (the Sarraceniaceae) comprises three genera of bog plants, Sarracenia of E North America, Darlingtonia of N California and adjacent Oregon (the single species is D. californica), and Heliamphora of N South America. The common pitcher plant, or side-saddle flower (S. purpurea), is found in bogs from Labrador to Florida and Iowa. The Nepenthaceae, an Old World tropical family, ranging from China to Australia and Pacifica and found chiefly in Borneo, consists of the single genus Nepenthes. Many of its species and hybrids, sometimes also called monkey cups, are cultivated as novelties for their large and showy pendent pitchers. The largest pitchers are found in Nepenthes species, some of which are apparently modified to attract small mammals to feed on their nectar so that the pitchers can catch the animals' feces. The Australian pitcher plant (Cephalotus follicularis) is the single species of the family Cephalotaceae. The bottom leaves of its low rosette are modified into brightly colored, slipper-shaped receptacles with lids and teeth. Other insectivorous plants include the bladderwortbladderwort
, any plant of the genus Utricularia, insectivorous or carnivorous aquatic plants, many native to North America. Small animals are caught and digested in bladderlike organs of the finely divided submerged leaves.
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, butterwort, Venus's-flytrapVenus's-flytrap,
insectivorous or carnivorous bog plant (Dionaea muscipula) native to the Carolina savannas and now widely cultivated as a novelty. The leaves, borne in a low rosette, resemble bear traps.
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, and sundew.

pitcher plant

[′pich·ər ‚plant]
(botany)
Any of various insectivorous plants of the families Sarraceniaceae and Nepenthaceae; the leaves form deep pitchers in which water collects and insects are drowned and digested.

pitcher plant

any of various insectivorous plants of the genera Sarracenia, Darlingtonia, Nepenthes, and Cephalotus, having leaves modified to form pitcher-like organs that attract and trap insects, which are then digested
References in periodicals archive ?
Confronting the trend, Wong describes how "all trees migrated overseas one by one," and the humble "pitcher plant" is compelled to change its eating habits, insisting on living in the barren sands ([phrase omitted] [pitcher plant]).
Larvae of Sarcophagidae (Insecta: Diplera) and their relationship with the pitcher plants (Sarraceniaceae: Sanacenia) of Southeastern U.S.
I am partial to hardy North American pitcher plants, if only because they are some of the prettiest perennials in the garden.
She's a pitcher plant, or more specifically, Sarracenia Redneck.
Pitcher plants are carnivorous plants that have a pitfall trap, or a prey-trapping mouth which leads to a giant pitcher filled with digestive fluid.
Trap surfaces that work only when wet also evolved in North American and Australian pitcher plants. Yet "they're about as closely related to the Asian species as you and I are to a flatworm," Bauer says.
He is accused of importing two endangered species - two canebrake pitcher plants and one green pitcher plant - without the correct permits.
Other hardy sarracenias include Sarracenia flava, the elegant yellow pitcher plant, and Sarracenia leucophylla, the white trumpet, which has exquisite white markings at the top of the pitcher.
He thinks pitcher plants and Venus flytraps are just gorgeous." In other words, he's a totally normal guy with a wife and two young boys, even though he does rent a 2,600-square-foot building for his meat-eating plants, visits them several times a week, and incorporates S.F.
Pitcher plants fold their leaves into containers that hold a digestive soup into which insects fall, while the Venus Fly trap snaps its leaves shut on prey that walk onto them.
There are numerous variations on this life-cycle pattern, with desert frogs breeding in flooded areas after heavy rains, tadpoles being defended from predators by the mother, use of tree holes and bromeliads as breeding sites in forest habitats, and even breeding in the pitchers of pitcher plants. Some frogs even show a high level of parental care by laying eggs on land and carrying them to water or by carrying eggs on their backs or in pouches.
borneensis, an earlier described species of Microhyla frog with the unique habit of breeding in pitcher plants on the forest floor.