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In 1464, Pius II was succeeded by Pope Paul II, who declared that anyone trading in Turkish alum would be excommunicated and their property confiscated.
That this could and did occur is made abundantly clear in a decree of the town council of Siena, dated 5 October 1460, stating that "any member of the court of our Lord Pope Pius II of Siena who wishes so ...
1460); received sporadic assistance from Naples and Venice; his success was limited by clan jealousies, and Sultan Mehmet II concluded a ten-year truce with him (1461); broke the truce to attack the Turks, at the instigation of Pope Pius II, in alliance with the Venetians and Hungarians (1463?); successfully resisted a siege of his stronghold at Kruge (1466); traveled to Rome to seek aid from Pope Paul II (1467), but died on his way back to Albania at Alessio (January 17, 1468); the Turks swiftly reconquered Albania following his death, except for Kruge, which he had willed to Venice.
As deputy to his friend Pope Pius II, he was able to write philosophical works in peace and deal in them with esoteric and subtle ideas.
Canonized by Pope Pius II in 1461, she was declared a Doctor of the Church in 1970.
Among their topics are the Good Fowler as a world conqueror: images of Suleyman the Magnificent in early modern Hungarian literary practice, constructing a self-image in the image of the Other: Pope Pius II's letter to Sultan Mehmed II, and the Ragusan image of Venice and the Venetian image of Ragusa in the early modern period.
Enea Silvio's critique must be viewed against the background of his later service to the Church as Pope Pius II. Hutten's diverse life reflected his commitments to the nobility to which he belonged, to humanistic scholarship and study, to joining professional skills and private interests in service to public responsibilities, and to life in a society, however corrupt, in which he could achieve fame and success for himself and respect for his social class.
Richardson (art history, The Open U., Britain) wrote her dissertation on cardinals of Pius II, then realized that cardinals by their nature represent a continuity that transcends individual popes.
The period, 1430-1536, begins before the ascension of Pope Pius II Piccolomini of Siena in 1458 and ends after Spanish troops controlled by Charles V arrive in 1530.
Only two years afterwards, Piccolomini emerged from the papal conclave with the Virgilian name of Pope Pius II.
And whether Clement's death in 1314 can "be regarded as the end of a serious papal attempt to launch a crusade after the fall of Crusader Acre" (128) is a conclusion that students of Pius II's reign may wish to challenge.