Pius VI

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Pius VI,

1717–99, pope (1775–99), an Italian named G. Angelo Braschi, b. Cesena; successor of Clement XIVClement XIV,
1705–74, pope (1769–74), an Italian (b. near Rimini) named Lorenzo Ganganelli; successor of Clement XIII. He was prominent for many years in pontifical affairs at Rome, and he was created cardinal in 1759. He was a Conventual Franciscan.
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. He was created cardinal in 1774. Early in his reign he was faced with the attempts of Holy Roman Emperor Joseph IIJoseph II,
1741–90, Holy Roman emperor (1765–90), king of Bohemia and Hungary (1780–90), son of Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I, whom he succeeded. He was the first emperor of the house of Hapsburg-Lorraine (see Hapsburg).
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 to "reform" the church by suppressing monasteries, assuming rights of appointment of clergy, and by other changes. Joseph's actions were imitated in Spain and Italy, and in 1786 a synod at Pistoia, Italy, adopted antipapal resolutions. Joseph's attempts to make the state supreme in matters of conscience were not less extreme than the efforts in the French RevolutionFrench Revolution,
political upheaval of world importance in France that began in 1789. Origins of the Revolution

Historians disagree in evaluating the factors that brought about the Revolution.
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 to set up a state church by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790). Pius eventually (Apr., 1791) condemned this new Gallican church and forbade the clergy to take the oaths. The French annexed the papal property at Avignon and Venaissin. The pope protested Louis XVI's execution and sided with the anti-French coalition, and Napoleon attacked the Papal States. In 1797 a treaty at Tolentino ceded Avignon, Venaissin, Ferrara, Bologna, and the Romagna to the French, along with a huge indemnity and many treasures. The pope was taken to Siena, thence to Florence; soon, though he was ill and feeble, the French took him to Turin and to Grenoble; he died at Valence. He was succeeded by Pius VIIPius VII,
1740–1823, pope (1800–1823), an Italian named Barnaba Chiaramonti, b. Cesena; successor of Pius VI, who had created him cardinal in 1785. He conducted himself ably during the period of the French Revolution, showing sympathy for the social aims of the
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. In 1802 his body was taken to Rome.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The edict issued by Pope Pius VI has been described by some scholars as one of the blackest pages in human history.
Collins reports very little about the reception of Pius VI's artistic cornucopia by the common people.
Giovanni Angelo Braschi (1717-1799), elected Pope Pius VI in 1775, navigated treacherous geopolitical seas both before and after his election, along the way marking his papacy with innumerable artistic and architectural accomplishments.
It seems that Pope Pius VI in 1974, rejecting a Jansenist heresy, taught that one may believe in limbo, a "middle state" of happiness that is not in heaven with God, and still be a Catholic.
Sotheby's suggests that the ram may have been restored by Francesco Antonio Franzoni (1734-1818), a specialist hired by Pope Clement XIV and Pius VI to work on the animal figures now in the Sala degli Animali at the Vatican.
With the memory of Pius VI and Pius VII imprisoned by Napoleon, the spiritual independence of the papacy was thought to be bound up with its temporal independence.
Peter (estimated at 34-37 years), Blessed Pius IX (1846-1878), Leo XIII (1878-1903), and Pius VI (1775-1799) ....
In the summer of 1784 Pope Pius VI named ex-Jesuit John Carroll Superior of the Mission in the thirteen United States of America.
If John Paul II should remain in office through the third week in April, he will have exceeded the papal tenure of Pius VI (1775-1799), who was pope for 24 years, six months, and just over a week.
The popes from Pius VI to Pius IX responded with an emphatic no to this call as embodied historically in political and social revolutions, in new philosophies and in the incipient sciences, both physical and social.
Pius VI (1791) and all his successors until Leo XIII condemned the French Revolution, freedom of opinion, the Enlightenment and all forms of democracy, whether in church or state.
Pius VI (1775-1799): The first pope to govern more than two dozen years, he was elected by a 134-day conclave.