Pius VII


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Pius VII,

1740–1823, pope (1800–1823), an Italian named Barnaba Chiaramonti, b. Cesena; successor of Pius VI, who had created him cardinal in 1785. He conducted himself ably during the period of the French Revolution, showing sympathy for the social aims of the Revolution. A protracted conclave in 1799–1800 ended with his election. His secretary, Ercole ConsalviConsalvi, Ercole
, 1757–1824, Italian cardinal and papal diplomat. In his first term (1800–1806) as secretary of state for Pope Pius VII he negotiated the Concordat of 1801 with Napoleon Bonaparte (later Emperor Napoleon I).
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, was a guiding force throughout his pontificate. An early event was the Concordat of 1801Concordat of 1801,
agreement between Napoleon Bonaparte and Pope Pius VII that reestablished the Roman Catholic Church in France. Napoleon took the initiative in negotiating this agreement; he recognized that reconciliation with the church was politic.
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 with Napoleon, to reestablish the church in France and set up a new hierarchy; much of it was vitiated by Napoleon's Organic Articles, which Pius would not accept. In 1804, Napoleon forced Pius to come to Paris to consecrate him as emperor, only to demean him at the last minute by taking the crown from the pope's hands and crowning himself. Napoleon found Pius intractable when not directly under his influence, and the French eventually took Rome (1808) and the Papal States (1809). Pius excommunicated the assailants of the Holy See, and Napoleon had him taken prisoner and removed to Fontainebleau. The pope was browbeaten into signing a new concordat, which he disavowed after the battle of Leipzig. In 1814, after Napoleon's downfall, Pius returned to Rome in triumph. One of his first acts was to restore the Society of Jesus. The rest of Pius's pontificate was devoted to reestablishing the church in Europe. The Papal States were restored at the Congress of Vienna, and a series of concordats were signed with European powers. At the same time Pius VII's stolidity in the face of humiliation began a revival of personal popularity for the pope that has since characterized Catholicism. Napoleon had treated Pius VII with sneering brutality, yet the pope's treatment of the fallen emperor's family was a model of benevolence: he gave them haven at Rome and interceded with the British to lighten Napoleon's treatment. He was on better terms with Great Britain than any pope had been since the Reformation, and he was keenly interested in the United States and in the Roman Catholic Church there. His patronage of artists was munificent. Leo XII succeeded him.

Bibliography

See E. E. Y. Hales, The Emperor and the Pope (1961).

Pius VII

original name Luigi Barnaba Chiaramonti. 1740--1823, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1800--23). He concluded a concordat with Napoleon (1801) and consecrated him as emperor of France (1804), but resisted his annexation of the Papal States (1809)
References in periodicals archive ?
Madame Recamier (1800), Pope Pius VII (1805), and Bernard (1820).
The lavish event, attended by Pope Pius VII, was a festival of song, feast and drink.
During the 19th century, Pope Pius VII granted indulgence to those who piously prayed before the image of the Black Nazarene.
The so-called New Society, restored by Pope Pius VII in 1814, has unfortunately attracted less interest from historians.
7, 1814, Pope Pius VII restored the Society of Jesus with the papal bull Solicitudo ominium ecclesiarum.
With the memory of Pius VI and Pius VII imprisoned by Napoleon, the spiritual independence of the papacy was thought to be bound up with its temporal independence.
Fortunately for the Catholic Church, in 1814 Pope Pius VII (1800-1823) restored the Jesuit Community throughout the world; it began again to take up the apostolates it had abandoned and to grow as great as it had been earlier.
At the other end of life's scale, Lawrence's Pius VII, painted in 1819 (The Royal Collection), is a frail old man with bent shoulders and a fragile expression, although his throne impresses with its massive crimson and gold solidity.
It took time for arrangements to be made with Pope Pius VII, who agreed to come in the vain hope of obtaining concessions for the Church from the French regime.
321) given to the Kingston's daughter, Margaret, by Pope Pius VII were really a Rosary?
In an age of revolution and reaction, Pius VII emerges as a voice of moderation and as "a bridge between the papacy prior to the French Revolution and .
As well as attending the general audience the visitors attended services at Santa Susanna Catholic Church and All Saints Anglican Church, which was built several years after Pope Pius VII decreed in 1816 that English visitors could hold Anglican services in Rome.