Pizarro, Hernando

Pizarro, Hernando

(ĕrnän`dō pēthär`rō), fl. 1530–60, Spanish conquistador, half-brother of Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
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. Much older than his half-brothers, Francisco, Juan, and Gonzalo, and, unlike them, legitimate by birth and educated, Hernando accompanied Francisco from Spain in 1530. After the conquest he returned (1533) to advance the fortunes of the family at court at the expense of Diego de AlmagroAlmagro, Diego de
, c.1475–1538, Spanish conquistador, a leader in the conquest of Peru. A partner of Francisco Pizarro, he took part in the first (1524) and second (1526–28) expeditions and in the bloody subjugation of the Incas after 1532.
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, Francisco's partner. In 1536, back in Peru, he defended (1536–37) Cuzco against the Inca Manco CapacManco Capac,
d. 1544, last of the Inca rulers, son of Huayna Capac. After the deaths of Huáscar and Atahualpa, Manco Capac was crowned (1534) emperor by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro but was tolerated only as a puppet.
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. Hernando then fought against Diego de Almagro, was captured (1537), released, and returned (1538) to defeat and execute Almagro. Because of his standing at court, he was sent (1539) to Spain to argue the cause of the Pizarros in the recent civil war, but bribery was not enough. Hernando suffered mild imprisonment for 20 years. Released in 1560, he died some time later, according to one chronicler at the age of 100.
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