abruptio placenta

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abruptio placenta

[ə‚brəp·shē·o plə′sent·ə]
(medicine)
A pregnancy disorder in which the placenta separates prematurely from the uterus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Placental abruption is bleeding at the decidual-placental interface that causes partial or total placental detachment before delivery of the fetus.
The study was conducted on 223 pregnant women who presented to the hospital with diagnosis of placental abruption including those undergoing treatment and those that have been treated and sent to the ward for further management were studied.
Five categories of mortality were evaluated, including 1) placental abruption or haemorrhage (7021, P021; excluding placenta previa), 2) cord compression (7024, 7025, P024, P025), 3) congenital anomalies (740-759, Q00-Q99), 4) unspecified (7799, P95), and 5) all remaining causes too infrequent to be evaluated separately.
From experiencing something so horrific, I would like to raise awareness on placental abruption and also other complications that occur during pregnancies and neonatal care.
Chronic placental venous congestion might, in some cases, contribute to foetal growth restriction or placental abruption and it is conceivable that optimal maternal positioning during labour (based on EV or other methods of CO assessment) might reduce the incidence of placental abruption.
Pregnant women with antibodies that can indicate early thyroid disease are three times as likely to experience placental abruption (separation) during labor, researchers at the University of Texas in Dallas have found.
ACT scan revealed that she had experienced a placental abruption.
Around 10 per cent of pregnant women in India have placenta- related complications, of which placental abruption is one of the most common.
In addition, cesarean sections increase the risk of serious problems with subsequent pregnancies: placenta previa (the placenta blocks the opening to the cervix), placental accreta (the placenta invades the uterine muscle, making separation difficult), placental abruption (placental separates from uterine wall during labor and before delivery), and uterine rupture.
Although the above mentioned lesions are common to intrauterine growth retardation, pre-eclampsia, placental abruption and thrombophilia, some investigators have observed an increase in the extent of villous infarction, which could be consequent to increased occlusive thrombi in spiral arterioles.
In the 8th edition of "Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation," smoking is cited as a major cause of premature birth, placental abruption, placenta previa, and premature rupture of the membranes (Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams 8(Wilkins, 2008).
Of 10 birth outcomes studied, five-low birth weight, preterm delivery, placental abruption, preterm labor and intrauterine fetal death-occurred significantly less often among women who screened positive and received an assessment and treatment than among those who screened positive but did not receive further program services.