Plaiting


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plaiting

[′plād·iŋ]
(geology)
A texture in some schists that results from the intersection of relict bedding planes with well-developed cleavage planes. Also known as gaufrage.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Plaiting

 

a method of manually joining strips of flexible material (threads, stalks, twigs, bast) by passing each of the strips over and then under the others at a right or oblique angle.

The plaiting of cord, mats, baskets, creels, and snares was known as far back as the Neolithic. Many peoples constructed walls for dwellings and farm buildings by means of plaiting. Its use was developed extensively by the peoples of Australia and Africa and by the Indians of North and South America. These peoples made such items as mats, cloaks, hats, footwear, various utensils, fishing gear, and thongs for lassos. The use of plaiting was particularly widespread in Oceania, where the people plaited utensils (vessels) and seafaring equipment (sails). With great skill, they also plaited belts, fans, bags, and armor. In those regions of the world where animal fur and hide were used for clothing, plaiting played a secondary role. However, the Eskimo and the Aleuts skillfully plaited vessels, hats, and mats, using primarily seaweed stalks.

The refinement of plaiting techniques led to weaving. The procedure has remained primarily a manual form of production. In modern mechanized textile manufacturing, mainly braids and laces are produced by plaiting.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'In winter I get more clients as people who had been keeping short hair would feel plaiting would help keep their heads warm,' she observed.
But she still yearned for her talent, plaiting. Nevertheless, she decided to pursue it.
Curly or wavy hair's perfect for plaiting or creating twisty knots, while fine, thin, flyaway locks look best weighed down with wax and serum.
Starting at the crown take a small width of hair and start plaiting. Each time you flip over a piece of hair, take a little more from the side, so the plait becomes progressively thicker.
The surgeon made an appointment to learn the art of plaiting women's hair.
Mr Fairclough, 47, last night flew to a medical conference in the Middle- East to demonstrate plaiting to the top orthopaedic surgeons in Asia.
The plaiting technique is being used in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions - the same operation soccer star Paul Gascoigne underwent.
"Like all the best ideas it is very simple, but I have been plaiting ligaments for almost two years now.