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a heart-shaped board on wheels, on which messages are written under supposed spirit guidance
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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A man and woman attempt to communicate with spirits, using an upturned wine glass planchette and a talking board, c. 1950. Orlando/Three Lions/Qetty Images.

Planchette; Pencil Planchette

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The word planchette means “plank; small board, or platform.” It is, in fact, a small platform used in Spiritualism as a tool to communicate with spirits. It is usually about three inches wide and four inches long, resting on three small legs. There are many different designs but an early, popular, design was heart shaped; the point of the heart working as a pointer. On a Ouija® Board, or similar talking board, the planchette slides about the surface of the board, pointing at letters to spell out messages. One, two, or more people lightly rest their finger tips on the top edges of the device, to channel into it the power to make it move.

The three legs are either tipped with felt so that they will slide easily on a polished surface, or have small castor wheels on them. Sometimes, if automatic writing is to be done, one of the legs is replaced by a pencil, the point of which traces letters onto a sheet of paper over which the planchette moves. This is known as a “pencil planchette.”

The moving platform was invented in 1853 by a well known French Spiritualist named M. Planchette. Fifteen years after its original appearance, it became widely used, thanks to an American toy manufacturer who started producing them in quantity. It is said that a similar form of communicating board was in use in Greece at the time of Pythagoras, about 540 BCE. According to a French writer this was a “mystic table on wheels,” that moved about indicating signs engraved on a stone slab.

There have been a wide variety of designs for planchettes, some of them connecting the platform to a clock-like dial with the letters of the alphabet on it, some allowing the platform to slide sideways in a track, to do its pointing. The board produced commercially by William Fuld, and then later by Parker Brothers, has a planchette on three legs whose shape comes to a point under the single leg. In the center area of the device there is a plastic window with a pin in its center, pointing down. The instructions that come with the set say “The mysterious message indicator will commence to move … as it passes over Ouija® talking board each letter of a message is received as it appears through the transparent window covered by the message indicator.” This is not strictly true. Sometimes a string of letters is received that make no sense whatsoever … until it is realized that the planchette is no longer showing the relevant letters through its plastic “window” on the one line, but is pointing to the letters on the line above with its tapered point.

A very simple, yet very effective, talking board can be made by writing the letters of the alphabet on pieces of paper and laying them down in a circle, around the edge of a table. A wine glass can then be upturned and used as a planchette, the participants resting their fingers on the now-top edge of the glass. The glass will slide over the table surface to stop in front of appropriate letters.


Buckland, Raymond: Buckland’s Book of Spirit Communications. St. Paul: Llewellyn, 2004
Covina, Gina: The Ouija® Book. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1979
Hunt, Stoker: Ouija®: The Most Dangerous Game. New York: Harper & Row, 1985
Shepard, Leslie A: Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology. New York: Avon Books, 1978
The Spirit Book © 2006 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
* substrates and components (including paper and polymer, films, laminates, tamper-evident substrates, threads, tapes, fibres and planchettes)
In addition to investigations of individual physical and trance mediums and crisis apparitions, the reader also learns about the examination of tools used for talking with the dead, including planchettes, slate writing, table tilting, seance cabinets, letter tiles, and "the talking board" (mass marketed as the "Ouija Board") and other phenomena such as cross-correspondence, dream telepathy, rhabdomancy (divining rods), apports, psychometry, and the Willing Game, "a dinner part), entertainment with a mind-reading twist--and a clever title.
Voulant a tout prix cacher son malbeur, elle se serrait le ventre violemment avec un systeme qu'elle avait invente, corset de force, fait de planchettes et de cordes.
Le bois de cUuA dre a servi aussi Uu faire des, venteaux de portes, et des grillages en moucharabieh et en assemblage de planchettes sculptUu[c]es et peintes.
A recent development is the production of holographic planchettes and microplanchettes incorporating microtext or logos.
L'etancheite des terrasses degradees qui rend les planchers traditionnels permeables a l'eau qui alourdit la couche de terreaux et provoque le pourrissement des solives et planchettes en bois ou la rouille de celles en metal a ete aussi refaite.
The Directory is divided into seven categories--substrates and components (including paper and polymer, films, laminates and tamper-evident substrates, threads, tapes, fibres and planchettes); inks, coatings and varnishes; printed security features; optically variable devices; taggants, coding and track and trace technologies; integrators (security print, packaging and labels) and support services (consultants, project management and internet monitoring services).