PESHAWAR -- A PhD Research Scholar Sadiq Akbar has submitted thesis on 'Parameter Estimation of Electromagnetic

Plane Waves Using Novel Adoptive Metaheuristic Techniques' to the University of Peshawar for award of degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Electronics.

In Figure 2, the acoustic pressure map shows a clearly defined pattern characteristic of

plane waves propagation defined by (3).

Three Russian professors introduce analytical methods for obtaining formal solutions to the radiation problems for elementary radiators generating essentially nonstationary signals, consider the various factors affecting the propagation of

plane waves in unbounded conducting media, and explore techniques for estimating the transfer functions and impulse responses of ultrawideband (UWB) systems.

In case I, TE

plane waves ([bar.E] = [??]E) would be influenced by [[mu].sub.y], [[mu].sub.z], [[epsilon].sub.x] and [[chi].sub.xy], while TM

plane waves ([bar.H] = [??]H) would be influenced by [[epsilon].sub.y], [[epsilon].sub.z], [[mu].sub.x] and [[chi].sub.yx], respectively.

Carcione, "Reflection and transmission of qP-qS

plane waves at a plane boundary between viscoelastic transversely isotropic media," Geophysical Journal International, vol.

Lee and Karl [7] studied the scattering and diffraction of

plane waves by underground, circular, and cylindrical cavities at various depths in a half space.

Nevertheless, it was found that dispersion relation for the discrete equations of the

plane waves contains additional extrema in comparison with that of the 1D lattice model.

The problem that we are dealing with in this paper is the scattering of time-harmonic acoustic

plane waves by a mixed-type scatterer which is given as the union of an open arc and a penetrable inhomogeneous medium with compact support.

Physics textbooks idealize light as

plane waves, in which the fronts of each wave move in parallel, much like ocean waves approaching a straight shoreline.

These reflection coefficients are used in the two-thickness extraction scheme in the exact manner as the reflection coefficients computed with

plane waves. The arrangement of the line source for analysis is portrayed in Figure 2.

We can analyze

plane waves and how they create resonances on the power planes using the MEFiSTo-2D Classic application (faustcorp.com).

We consider totally [N.sub.PW]

plane waves, for examples [N.sub.PW] = 400, here, the number of

plane wave angles [N.sub.PW] is deliberately overestimated.