plant breeding

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plant breeding,

science of altering the genetic pattern of plants in order to increase their value. Increased crop yield is the primary aim of most plant-breeding programs; advantages of the hybrids and new varieties developed include adaptation to new agricultural areas, greater resistance to disease and insects, greater yield of useful parts, better nutritional content of edible parts, and greater physiological efficiency. Other goals are adaptation of crops to modern production techniques such as mechanical harvesting and improvement in the market quality of the product.

Traditionally, plant breeders have made genetic changes in crops by using various crossing and selection methods, creating desirable hybridshybrid
, term applied by plant and animal breeders to the offspring of a cross between two different subspecies or species, and by geneticists to the offspring of parents differing in any genetic characteristic (see genetics).
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; breeders also now attempt to induce favorable genetic mutationsmutation,
in biology, a sudden, random change in a gene, or unit of hereditary material, that can alter an inheritable characteristic. Most mutations are not beneficial, since any change in the delicate balance of an organism having a high level of adaptation to its environment
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 by the use of ultraviolet light, gamma radiation, or chemicals. With the development of genetic engineeringgenetic engineering,
the use of various methods to manipulate the DNA (genetic material) of cells to change hereditary traits or produce biological products. The techniques include the use of hybridomas (hybrids of rapidly multiplying cancer cells and of cells that make a
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, plant breeders have increasingly used its techniques to introduce desirable traits (i.e., genes), often from other species, into cultivated plants.

See also breedingbreeding,
in agriculture and animal husbandry, propagation of plants and animals by sexual reproduction; usually based on selection of parents with desirable traits to produce improved progeny.
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
This was the main theme of a 2-day workshop on Plant Biotechnology for Food Security organized at F C College University in collaboration with Pakistan Biotechnology Information Center (PABIC) Lahore Chapter.
He said that now plant biotechnology has become most important for agriculture sector in Pakistan because it not only helps farmers to acquire better yields of their corps, but also save them from expenses in respect of the use of chemical fertiliser and spray of pesticides.
KARACHI -- Plant Biotechnology has become most important to agriculture sector in Pakistan as it not only helps farmers to acquire better yields but also save expenses in respect of chemicals such as fertilizer and pesticides.
Remedios Flamiano's now multi-million banana tissue culture business, an application of plant biotechnology, was initially a failure, out of her frustration from being a low-paid instructor at a state university.
The study has been published at Plant Biotechnology Journal in late April, 2018.
Plant Biotechnology; Volume 1: Principles, Techniques, and Applications
A professor of plant biotechnology at Dakar's Cheikh Anta Diop University, Professor Yaye is highly respected and celebrated for many firsts, including her study on the utilisation of the Neem tree in the treatment and prevention of malaria.
14 November 2017 - France-based veterinary pharmaceutical company Vetoquinol (PAR: VETO) has acquired a 2.0% equity stake in France-based plant biotechnology company Plant Advanced Technologies (PAT), the company said.
Fact #1: Plant biotechnology allows farmers to grow more food on less land.
Genome editing end users market is segmented into academic and government institutions, Plant biotechnology companies, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies and others that include animal biotechnology and contract research organizations (CRO).
Plant biotechnology company iBio (NYSE MKT:IBIO) reported on Tuesday that it has received US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Orphan Drug Designation (ODD) for its investigational biotherapeutic product, iBio-CFB03, for the treatment of systemic sclerosis, a fibrotic disorder that affects connective tissue of skin and internal organs as well as the walls of blood vessels.