Plantago


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Related to Plantago: Plantago psyllium, Plantago rugelii, Plantago ovata, Plantago asiatica

Plantago

 

(plantain), a genus of plants of the family Plantaginaceae. The plants are annual or perennial herbs, usually with a basal rosette of leaves or a leafless flower stem. Some species are subshrubs, and some have a branched, leafy stem. The small, inconspicuous flowers are in a dense terminal spike or head. The fruit is a capsule that opens along a transverse crack.

There are approximately 250 species of plantain. They are found throughout the world except for many tropical regions. Approximately 30 species are encountered in the USSR, growing mainly near buildings, along roads, and in meadows. The best-known species are the hoary plantain (P. media), the great plantain (P. major), and the ribwort (P. lanceolata). All three are perennial herbs.

The seeds of most species contain mucilage and the glycoside aucubin. The seeds of P. psyllium and the branched plantain (P. indica) are used in medicine and industry. The great plantain and P. psyllium are used medicinally, since they contain carotene, vitamin C, and phytoncides. An infusion of their leaves is used as an expectorant, and the juice is used to improve digestion in the treatment of gastritis and enteritis.

References in periodicals archive ?
A rise in the incidence of teratological changes in Plantago lanceolataL seedlings of the 5th post accident in the 30 kilometer area of the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station.
Cargill and Jefferies (1984) found that both Puccinellia phryganodes and Carex subspathacea were selectively grazed and replaced on grazed sites by other species, including Calamagrostis neglecta, Potentilla egedii, Ranunculus cymbalaria, and Plantago maritima.
The first reliable chromosome counts in Plantago were reported by McCullagh (1934).
Also put five drops of the Plantago on to a piece of cotton wool and place deep in the ear.
Examples are the achenes of Asteriscus hierochonticus, Plantago coronopus, Anastatica hierochuntica L.
Investigation on the cardinal temperature of Plantago ovata and Plantago psyllium.
50] could not be determined for Atropa belladonna, Plantago major and Chelidonium majus as their extracts did not elicit 50% inhibition (Fig.
Plantago coronopus used for treating tooth diseases, urinary tract diseases, stop bleeding and involuntary urination by interviewed informants, while the literature study reported Plantago coronopus L.
rachis Wild pulses Astragalus- Astragalus type Wild pulses Fabaceae Diverse Mustard family Brassicaceae wild plants Goosefoot Chenopodiaceae family Sedges Cyperaceae Plantago Thymelaea West Mound Taxa 136 129 116 Barley Hulled barley Hordeum vulgare Naked barley H.
14) This was followed 4 hours later with 2 heaped teaspoons of Plantago ovata (psyllium, dried husks) taken in a similar fashion but with less water in order to check the diarrhoea via its absorptive properties.
27]), Lallemantia iberica [28], Ocimum basilicum [4], Matricaria recutita [10], Plantago sp L.
Of possible relevance: A weed that grows in the US has been used successfully to treat some viral conditions: * Smallpox: Native Americans used Plantago lanceolata ("lanceleaf plantain") to successfully treat smallpox many years ago.