fascia

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fascia

(făsh`ēə), fibrous tissue network located between the skin and the underlying structure of muscle and bone. Fascia is composed of two layers, a superficial layer and a deep layer. Superficial fascia is attached to the skin and is composed of connective tissue containing varying quantities of fat. It is especially dense in the scalp, the back of the neck, and the palms of the hands, where it serves to anchor the skin firmly to underlying tissues. In other areas of the body it is loose and the skin may be moved freely back and forth. Deep fascia underlies the superficial layers, to which it is loosely joined by fibrous strands. It is thin but strong and densely packed, and serves to cover the muscles and to partition them into groups.

Fascia

A broad horizontal member or molding with nominal thickness, projecting from the wall.

Fascia

 

an architectural element in the form of a rectangular projection. Fasciae are seen at the base of columns and as part of cornices. They are not always only decorative elements. A fascia may be used to support the cross pieces forming the icon shelf of an iconostasis or to protect a wall from water seepage. In the latter case, the fascia usually slopes away from the wall, forming a stone drip.


Fascia

 

the connective tissue investing organs, vessels, and nerves and forming the sheaths of muscles in man and other vertebrate animals; it performs supporting and trophic functions.

Superficial, or subcutaneous, fasciae are located under a fatty subcutaneous layer; in man, fasciae under the skin of the sole and the palm and under the scalp form aponeuroses. Deep fasciae invest individual muscles or muscle groups. Outgrowths of deep fasciae form intermuscular barriers, which may serve as points of muscle termination and attachment. In many parts of the body, especially in the extremities, the fascial system acts as a spring. When muscles contract, the fasciae shift their position, compressing or relaxing the neural and vascular sheaths, thus facilitating the flow of blood toward the heart. Some fasciae, such as the endothoracic fascia, line internal cavities. Fasciae are richly supplied with blood vessels and nerves.

fascia

[′fā·shə]
(building construction)
A wide board fixed vertically on edge to the rafter ends or wall which carries the gutter around the eaves of a roof.
(histology)
Layers of areolar connective tissue under the skin and between muscles, nerves, and blood vessels.

fascia, facia

1. Any flat horizontal member or molding with little projection, as the bands into which the architraves of Ionic and Corinthian entablatures are divided.
2. Any relatively narrow vertical surface (but broader than a fillet) which is projected or cantilevered or supported on columns or element other than a wall below. Also see platband.

fascia

, facia
1. the flat surface above a shop window
2. Architect a flat band or surface, esp a part of an architrave or cornice
3. Anatomy fibrous connective tissue occurring in sheets beneath the surface of the skin and between muscles and groups of muscles
4. Biology a distinctive band of colour, as on an insect or plant
5. Brit a less common name for dashboard
References in periodicals archive ?
C., 2000, The biomechanical relationship between the tendoachilles, plantar fascia and metatarsophalangeal joint dorsiflexion angle".
However, one systematic review cites evidence in support of CSI for the short-term management of plantar fascia pain.
Shetty, "Plantar fascia: imaging diagnosis and guided treatment," Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology, vol.
The specific pathologic features are not well understood; inflammation of the plantar fascia, thickening of the proximal fascia, decreased vascularity, peritendinous inflammation, loss of normal elasticity, and alteration of nociceptor physiology all may play roles in the onset and persistence of heel pain.1,2 The clinical diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is relatively easy to make.
This promising result due to recreation of the windlass mechanism which support the role plantar fascia specific stretching exercises in plantar fasciitis [3].
The plantar fascia is a thick band of longitudinally arranged fibers which run from the tuberosity of the calcaneus.
(31) It is important to note that steroid injections are associated with complications such as fat pad atrophy and plantar fascia calcification, which may cause long-term discomfort.
* Plantar fasciitis, inflammation and small tears in the band of tissue (plantar fascia) that forms the arch of your foot.
Both the groups will receive stretching of plantar fascia and calf muscles, followed by ultrasound for 5 min.
In normal condition, the plantar pressure in the first MH can be regulated by the fat pad and the plantar fascia. 8
I have a pea-sized lump on the bottom of the arch of my left foot, which my doctor believes may be a ganglion cyst in the plantar fascia. It swells to a larger size after I walk or run on it.