flexion

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flexion

[′flek·shən]
(biology)
Act of bending, especially of a joint.
References in periodicals archive ?
Front rowers exhibited patterns of single leg weight bearing, in a position of greater ankle plantar flexion and knee extension at toe off during scrummaging, which is a risk position for TS injury.
The primary functional motor deficit was an almost complete loss of functional plantar flexion and partial loss of sensation in the lower legs and feet with bilateral involvement.
Peak measures of the following joints were identified during the initial 10% and final 10% of stance: extension of the hip and knee; plantar flexion of the ankle, midfoot, and MPJ; inversion and adduction of the ankle; and eversion and adduction of the midfoot.
Dynamic tests such as Doppler ultrasonography and fMRA, with plantar flexion and dorsiflexion of the foot, showed a lateral neurovascular displacement and compression between soleal band and medial gastrocnemius and plantaris muscle.
We can be confident in this assertion, given the small plantar flexor moment observed (Figure 7) and that persons with PFA do not exhibit the large power generation (concentric work) at the ankle [15] that normally restrains tibial progression, limits dorsiflexion, and drives the ankle into plantar flexion.
z] L VL VL Angular velocities Ankle plantar flexion -VL -VL Knee extension VL VL Hip extension Pelvic rotation -L VL VL Trunk flexion VL Upper trunk rotation Shoulder extension -VL VL Shoulder adduction -L L Elbow extension VL VL VL Variable Comparison by Length Front-Middle Front-Back Middle-Back Linear velocities [CoM.
The mean peak torque values of hip flexion, knee extension, and ankle plantar flexion across 9 of 11 subjects for the five different conditions of hip and knee movement are shown in Figure 3 (as mentioned, one subject was excluded from the analysis because of an absence of spasms and one subject was excluded because the datum was classified as an outlier, defined as a magnitude >3 SD above the population mean).
Caption: Figure 2 Active plantar flexion measurement: A, The tibial midpoint was elevated by the rater until the inclinometer read zero degrees, and B, Placement of the gravity inclinometer on the talonavicular joint.
Based on the available information presented in this study, the ankle McMurray test may be more specific than the plantar flexion test for PAIS.
Currently the bubble inclinometer used in this study did not have the ability to establish the vertical gravity -0- position (7) in order to determine the absolute values for dorsiflexion and plantar flexion separately.
In a pure common peroneal neuropathy, there is weakness in ankle dorsiflexion, toe extension and foot eversion; however, the ankle plantar flexion and foot inversion are spared and the knee flexion is normal.